几种典型的作文开头引述方法 Type1引述他人观点(为提出自己观点铺垫) [1] It is widely(commonly) accepted(hold)+THAT [2] A widely accepted(commonly) hold idea(point of view,viewpoint, opinion,assumption)is +THAT/NP [3] A/The dominant(prevalent, prevailing)idea(see [2])is NP/to DO [4] It is taken for granted+THAT(or:We often/frequently take it for granted THAT) [5] People(The majority) seem to get accustomed to the idea(see [2]),without questioning,THAT [6] People are willing to regard NP1 as NP2/ADJ [7] People are willing to DO,while reluctant to DO Type2提出异议 [1] However (But),… [2] Such idea(see[1-2]),if not entirely ADJ1,is somewhat ADJ2 and needs careful consideration. ADJI=unreasonable,unacceptable, inappropriate,improper,undesirable, etc; ADJ2=misleading,doubtrul, etc [3] In fact(As a matter of fact),…(follow[2]) [4] However, it is not (quite, necessarily)the case. [5] This (It) is not (quite, necessarily) the case and needs to bo fruther considered/discussed.(or:further consideration/discussion) Type3论述的展开:说明原因和理由,层进,举例,转折 [1] The reason lies in several aspects, [2] The reason why+clause+[1, underlined] [3] There are several remarkable reasons. [4] 层进in addition, besides, fruthermore, what’s more, on the other hand, meanwhile, for one thing…for another; finally, above all, in short. [5] 举例for example, for instance, such (general term) as (specific terms),a typical (striking) example is that, a case in point [6] 转折however, but, nevertheless,on the contrary [7] 条件if , provided that, unless, as long as,etc Type4 就…而言;关于 [1] as far as …is/are concemed: As far as current situation is concerned [2] as t the problem as to NP有关…的问题 Type5问题 [1] Although much effort has been made, the situation is far from satisfactory (or: the problem remains unsolved, little improvement has been achieved)