As Aung San Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy steps into power in Myanmar this month, one of the big questions is whether the Nobel Laureate’s party will improve human rights in the country – particularly for the long-persecuted Rohingya Muslims. Confined to prison-like internment camps, a generation of Rohingya children are growing up deprived of education, leaving little hope for their future. 在昂山素季领导的缅甸全国民主联盟准备本月执政之际,人们提出的一大问题是,这位诺贝尔和平奖得主领导的政党是否会改善缅甸的人权,特别是改善那些长期遭受迫害的罗兴亚穆斯林的境遇。整个一代的罗兴亚儿童都被迫生活在监狱式的集中营内,成长期间得不到教育,这使他们的未来前景黯淡。 The future for the Rohingya children of Myanmar looks bleak. They will receive, at most, a high school education. Under the current system, a child would be lucky to complete the fourth grade.
The vast majority - 60 percent - have never even been to school because their families are too poor. An estimated 80 percent of Rohingya are illiterate. 绝大多数、也就是60%的孩子因为家里穷,甚至没有上过学。据估计,80%的罗兴亚人是文盲。 “There are not enough schools and some children’s parents cannot afford the cost of the school supplies for their children,” says Save the Children chief teacher U Kyaw Hla. 救助儿童会的吴觉拉(U Kyaw Hla)说:“学校数量不够,一些孩子的家长买不起孩子的上学用具。” There are only five government schools for all 12 Rohingya camps in Myanmar’s western Rakhine State, and little education assistance. NGOs like Save the Children and UNICEF have set up temporary learning spaces, but even these classrooms are understaffed and underfunded. 在缅甸西部的若开邦所有12座罗兴亚营地里,只有五所政府官办学校,基本没有教育补助。儿童救助会(Save the Children)等非政府组织和联合国儿童基金会(UNICEF)建立了临时学习场地,不过即使这些教室也存在人员和经费不足的问题。 “We’ve gotten some stationery from the government education department last year. But this year we haven’t gotten any support or relief from the government," says U Tun Kyaw, a Rohingya government school teacher. "I teach standing because the government has never provided me with a chair to sit on.” 政府官办罗兴亚学校教师吴吞觉(U Tun Kyaw)说:“我们去年从政府的教育部得到了一些文具。不过今年,政府还没有给我们任何支持或救助。我要站着教课,因为政府从来也没有提供椅子让我坐。” There is one upper school for the Rohingya camps, but only two students graduated in 2015 due to the poor level of teaching. 所有罗兴亚营地只有一所高中,由于教学水平太差,2015年只有两名学生毕业。 But Hla Aye Yin, the Educational Assistant Director for the Rakhine State parliament, defends the government's educational programs for Rohingya, who she refers to as Bengali, a term preferred by the Myanmar government but rejected by Rohingya residents. 不过,若开邦邦议会的教育事务助理主任拉埃茵(Hla Aye Yin)为政府的罗兴亚教育项目进行辩护。她把罗兴亚人称为“孟加拉人”,这是缅甸政府喜欢的称呼,但罗兴亚居民拒绝接受。 “Yes, we have arranged a basic education service for them, although they are living in separated community," she said. "Even our General Director [of Rakhine State Education] is taking responsibility for it. Now, I heard that new school buildings will be provided in both Bengali and Rakhine refugees’ camps soon.” 她说:“是的,虽然他们生活在隔离社区,我们还为他们安排了基本教育服务。连我们的邦教育总长都在承担责任。如今,我听说很快要向孟加拉人和若开难民营提供新校舍了。” Even if help soon arrives for those in the camps, any university level education is impossible here. The Rohingya are barred from attending college in Rakhine, despite the fact that the refugee camp looks out over the gates of the region’s only university. 即使难民营里的人很快得到帮助,他们也没有任何可能接受大学教育。虽然难民营能够看到当地唯一一所大学的校门,但罗兴亚人被禁止念大学。 Myanmar’s government justified the exclusion of Rohingya from Sittwe University as a way to maintain peace after a wave of anti-Muslim violence in 2012. Now they can only glimpse the promise of higher education through a guarded wall covered in barbed wire. 缅甸政府称,禁止罗兴亚人上实兑大学是有道理的,在2012年发生一波反对穆斯林的暴力风潮后,必须要维持当地的安宁。如今,高等学府的校墙防守森严,覆盖着铁丝网,罗兴亚人只能望门兴叹。