托福考试语法题笔记2(五) 111. By 1920 the area of the United States under cultivation had more than doubled in just 50 years, and the national population that surpassed 100 million. 答福:B 分析及考点:不构成定语从句,却误用定语从句连接词,把that去掉就好了。 参考译文:到1920年美国已开垦的在50年里已经翻了两倍,全国人口也超过了100个百万。 112. Some areas of the deep sea are vulnerable frequent natural disturbances taking the form of intense currents, mud slumps, low oxygen, and upwellings. 答案:A 分析及考点:词序错误,改成frequently vulnerable natural disturbances 参考译文:深海的一些地方,常常受到自然干扰,这些干扰以急流、泥浆、低氧和上升流的形式存在。 pumpkin补充: 大概是改成vulnerable to frequent natural disturbances 113. In the United States, the first roads were paved in colonial times, first with logs, latest with cobblestones or brick, depending on the region. 答案:B 分析及考点:词性混用。表示先后的状态时,用later 参考译文:在美国,最早的路是在殖民地时候铺的。一开始用木材,后来根据地区不同用鹅卵石或砖块。 114. In physics, sound is considered to be the waves of vibratory motion, nether or not they are heard by the human ear. 答案:C 分析及考点:连词使用表达错误。改成whether or not 参考译文:在物理上,声音被认为是振动性运动发出的波,不管人耳能不能听见。 115. Over one thousand mineral are known, most of which are characterized by definite chemical composition, crystalline structure, and physical properties. 答案:B 分析及考点:可数名词单复数误用,改成minerals 参考译文:有超过1千种矿物质为人所知。它们中很多都通过明确的化学组成,结晶结构和物理特性表现出来了。 116. The layers of an elephant's tusk are deposited from the pulp, yet that the innermost layer is the newest. 答案:C 分析及考点:连词的误用,改成so,so that一起表因此 参考译文:大象的长牙的分层是从髓质开始沉积的,因此最里面那一层是最新的。 117. Butane is found into both oil and natural gas. 答案:B 分析及考点:介词误用。改成in 参考译文:丁烷气体是从石油和天然气中找到的。 118. When expelled from the nucleus of an atom, a neutron is unstable and decay to form a proton and an electron. 答案:C 分析及考点:谓语时态误用,改成decays 参考译文:当中子从原子核中发射出来的时候,是不稳定的,并衰退从而形成一个质子和一个电子。 Pumpkin补充: 修改为decaying可能更合适, 更和unstable并列, 由一个动词is来引导 decay:常用进行时态 The monument is decaying after years of neglect 119. Muscles who are given proper exercise react to stimuli quickly and powerfully and are said to be “in tone.” 答案:A 分析及考点:定语从句连词误用。改成which 参考译文:那些受了适当锻炼的肌肉对刺激反应快而强,并被称为协调。 120. Automobile insurance compensates only not for fire and theft but also for damage caused by a collision and for injury to victims of an accident. 答案:B 分析及考点:词序颠倒。Not only…but also…固定对称结构。 参考译文:汽车保险不仅对失火和被窃进行赔偿,而且对撞车事故造成的损坏和事故中受伤的受害人也进行赔偿。