You may have memorized endless lists of vocabulary, you may know all the grammar needed to hold any conversation and still find yourself at a loss when wanting to express yourself.你可能已经记住了无穷无尽的词汇表，你可能知道所有的用来进行任何对话的语法，但仍然在表达时感到困惑。 In this article, I would like to give you a few tips to help overcome the difficulties you might be experiencing, using some of the simplest methods to improve your English communication skills.在这篇文章中，我想给你一些建议，帮助你克服你可能遇到的困难，用一些最简单的方法来提高你的英语沟通能力。 1. Slow Down Your Speaking Speed1.放慢你的说话速度 You might be an eloquent speaker when it comes to your mother tongue, but expecting the same standards from yourself when speaking in a foreign language may not be very realistic.谈到母语时，你可能是一个雄辩的演说家，但用外语讲话时，期望自己达到同样的标准可能不太现实。 Especially, if you’re at the early stages of learning. Learners are often told not to worry about the mistakes they’re making, however, it is easy to understand why you would like to make a good impression on your audience.特别是，如果你处于学习的早期阶段。学习者经常被告知不要担心他们犯的错误。然而，你很容易理解为什么你想给听众留下好印象。
To overcome this difficulty, you may try slowing down your speaking speed.为了克服这个困难，你可以试着放慢语速。 Nobody will hold it against you if you speak more slowly and clearly. Great speakers do the same to get their message across. Selecting your words carefully may also be seen as a sign of respect towards your audience. It shows that you want to give them the best possible answer.如果你说得慢一点，没有人会反对你的。伟大的演说家也会这样做以传达他们的信息。谨慎发言也可以被看作是对听众的尊敬。这表明你想给他们最好的答案。 2. Give Yourself Time to Think2.给你自己一些时间去思考 You may be worried that the people you’re talking to are impatient and would like you to say what you want as quickly as possible.你可能担心与你交谈的人不耐烦，希望你尽快说出你想要的。 First of all, it may not be true – people often prefer a well-thought-out answer to a rushed one.So just relax.首先，这可能不是真的——人们往往喜欢深思熟虑的回答。所以放松一下。 Another practical thing you can do is equipping yourself with fixed phrases you can use when remaining silent doesn’t seem to be an option. Here’s an example:你可以做的另一个实际的事情是给自己配备一些固定短语，当你保持沉默似乎不是一个好的选择时，你可以使用。下面举个例子： Why is there so much violence on TV? That’s a good question. Let me think for a moment, I haven’t really thought about it before. Well, I suppose…为什么电视上有这么多暴力镜头？这是个好问题。让我想一想，我以前没有想过这个问题。嗯，我想… Here the speaker gains considerable amount of time to reflect just by repeating the question and adding a few sentences. If you do the same, you’ll sound more fluent and won’t feel the pressure of having to say something before you’re ready.在这里，演讲者可以通过重复提问和添加一些句子来获得大量的时间来思考。如果你做同样的事情，你会说得更流利，也不会感到在你准备好之前要说点什么的压力。 Fixed or set phrases are phrases whose words are usually fixed in a certain order. They can be verb patterns, idioms, collocations – basically anything we always say in one particular way. For example,固定词组或组合词组是通常按一定顺序固定的短语。它们可以是动词模式，习语，搭配——基本上我们总是用一种特定的方式表达。例如： during the day白天
in the meantime同时
It’s been a long time since这是很久以前的事了
Sorry to bother/trouble you, but…很抱歉打扰你，但是…
Would you mind if…?如果……你介意吗？
Oh, come on!哦，来吧！
I’m just kidding!我只是开玩笑！
For what it’s worth,…它的价值是，…
To be right/wrong about正确的是/错误的是
Tit for tat/an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth以牙还牙，以眼还眼以牙还牙/眼，以牙还牙 3. Learn Sentences, Not Only Words 3.学习句子，而不只是词语 In a way, this will take the pressure off too. When you learn a new word, try to memorize a couple of sentences that contain it.在某种程度上，这也将消除压力。当你学习一个新单词时，试着记住包含它的几个句子。 There might come a time when you can use one particular sentence with little, or no alteration at all. Unfortunately, many people learn words by heart, but have no idea how to use them in a sentence.可能会有一段时间，你可以用特定不变的一句话，不幸的是，许多人背单词，但不知道如何在句子中使用它们。 It will be such a relief not having to worry about whether the sentence is correct grammatically or not. Let’s look at an example:你不必担心句子的语法正确与否。让我们看一个例子： to appreciate = to recognize the value of something/somebody欣赏=承认某事/人的价值 I think it’s necessary to feel appreciated in a relationship/ at work. I appreciate all your hard work. Isn’t it much more useful to memorize ’appreciate’ this way?我认为有必要在感情或工作中感受到被感激。 我感谢你的辛勤工作。 用这种方式记住“感激”不是更有用吗？ 4. Learn to Listen4.学会聆听 When speaking in a foreign language, you might be so focused on what you are saying and whether it’s correct or not, that you forget to listen to what others are saying.当你用外语讲话时，你可能会把注意力放在你说的话上，或者说对与错，这样你就忘了听别人说什么。 This is a big mistake as they might be using the exact words or grammar you’ll be needing later on. So pay attention to what’s being said around you, it’s your most important resource at the time of speaking to someone.这是一个大错误，因为他们可能会用到你以后将需要的确切的单词或语法。所以，注意你周围所说的话，这是你和某人说话时最重要的资源。 5. Practise Your Interrogatives 5. 练习你的疑问句 We also need to keep in mind the fact that communication is a two-way process. Not only does it make you seem uninterested – even rude – if you don’t ask questions, you might also end up being the one who has to do all the talking. So, when you’ve run out of ideas about what to say next, remember: others might have something to add.我们还需要记住这样的事实，沟通是一个双向过程。如果你不问问题，它不仅让你看起来对谈话不感兴趣–甚至是粗鲁的–你也可能最终被终止做所有的谈话。所以，当你对下一步不知道该怎么说的时候，记住：其他人可能会补充一些东西。 What are your views on that?
How about you? What do you think?
Why do you think there’s so much violence on TV?你对此有何看法？
你为什么认为电视上有这么多暴力镜头？ Questions like this will keep the conversation going and will show your interest in other people’s opinion. They will also give you time to relax a little and start enjoying yourself.这样的问题会使谈话继续进行，也会显示出你对他人意见的兴趣。他们也会给你时间放松一下，开始享受你自己的时间。 Interrogatives can be quite tricky, so make sure you spend enough time learning the correct ways of asking questions.疑问句是相当棘手的，所以确保你花足够的时间学习提问的正确方法。 6. Produce, Produce, Produce6．产出，产出，再产出 As I said at the beginning of this article, you might know a lot about the language, but this is passive knowledge that must be activated somehow. Your aim is to be able to produce correct English; practice is undeniably the best way to learn and improve.正如我在本文开头所说的，您可能对语言了解很多，但这是被动的知识，必须以某种方式激活。你的目标是能够掌握正确的英语；实践无疑是学习和提高的最好方法。 Writing is one way of producing language; it may help you get used to and reflect on the ways English operates, which, in turn, might prove to be useful when speaking.写作是表达语言的一种方式，它可以帮助你习惯和反思英语的运作方式，而这反过来又可能在说话时被证明是有用的。 Speaking, on the other hand, is a much more spontaneous process and nothing prepares you for it better than actually doing it. So, find people you can practise with – either on Skype, or on language exchange sites, or here on MyEnglishTeacher.eu with the help of our native teachers – I have a feeling that it will be a great experience.从另一方面说，这是一个更自发的过程，没有什么比实际做准备更好的了。所以，你可以在Skype找人练习，或者语言交流的网站，或在这里MyEnglishTeacher.eu向我们外教老师寻求帮助，我有一种感觉，这将是一个伟大的经历。 I hope you will find these tips useful. Feel free to ask any questions if something is not clear. Remember how important it is to ask? We’re here to help you.我希望你会发现这些秘诀有用。如果有不清楚的地方，可以随时提出任何问题。记住问问题有多重要？我们是来帮你的。