为推进我国增材制造产业快速可持续发展,加快培育制造业发展新动能,工业和信息化部等12部门联合制定《增材制造产业发展行动计划(2017—2020年)》。 推动3D打印在重点领域应用 A visitor looks at a 3D-printed wallet at the China 3D-Printing Cultural Museum in Baoshan district of Shanghai, China, July 26, 2017. [Photo: IC] The government expects the 3D printing industry to maintain an annual growth rate of more than 30 percent in the coming years and its revenue to top 20 billion yuan (around $3 billion) in 2020, according to guidelines released Wednesday by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) and 11 other agencies.
工业和信息化部等12部门联合制定的行动计划提出,到2020年,我国3D打印产业年销售收入超过200亿元,年均增速在30%以上。
“3D打印”(3D printing)的专业名称为增材制造(additive manufacturing,AM),是以数字模型为基础,将材料逐层堆积制造出实体物品的新兴制造技术(a new technology that adds material together to create a real object)。增材制造产业是先进制造业(advanced manufacuring)的重要组成部分。 计划提出,到2020年开展100个以上试点示范项目(more than 100 pilot programs),推动增材制造在10个重点制造业领域(10 key manufacturing sectors)的示范应用,加快培育一批创新能力突出、特色鲜明的示范企业和产业集聚区,推动增材制造在航空、航天、船舶、汽车、医疗、文化、教育等领域实现规模化应用。关键核心技术达到国际同步发展水平(homegrown core technology will reach international levels),培育2-3家以上具有较强国际竞争力的龙头企业( foster two or three domestic firms able to take on global rivals with their products recognized in overseas markets),在部分领域实现规模化应用,国际发展能力明显提升。 【相关词汇】 核心技术 core technology 先进制造业 advanced manufacuring 特殊材料 special materials 中国制造2025 Made in China 2025 产业升级 industry upgrade 技术鸿沟 technology gap (中国日报网英语点津 马文英)