We never like mosquitoes and don't want to see them around any time during the day. It is true that mosquitoes are amongst the most dangerous creatures in this world. They become the reason of a lot of diseases; some of them are minor while others are life-killing. The U.S. Center for Disease Control has reported that every year more than 1.5 million people around the globe lose their lives due to mosquito-borne diseases. Let us take a look at the 10 deadliest diseases caused by mosquitoes. 我们从不喜欢蚊子,也不想在白天的任何时候看到它们。的确,蚊子是这个世界上最危险的生物之一。它们成为许多疾病的原因;他们中的一些人是未成年人,而另一些人是杀害生命的人。美国疾病控制中心报告说,每年全球有超过150万人因蚊媒疾病而死亡。让我们来看看由蚊子引起的十大致命疾病。

1. Dengue Fever

登革热

Deadliest Diseases Caused by Mosquitoes
Aedes Mosquito
Dengue fever is, no doubt, one of the most dangerous and deadliest diseases caused by mosquitoes. It is common among the people living in tropical and subtropical climates. Aedes mosquito is responsible for this disease. Dengue mosquitoes multiply in the cells of our body, causing high fever, headache, joints pain and rashes as the initial disease symptoms. The doctors recommend acetaminophen; however, no certain medications and treatments are so far available for this disease. 毫无疑问,登革热是由蚊子引起的最危险和最致命的疾病之一。这在生活在热带和亚热带气候的人们中很普遍。Aedes mosquito is responsible for this disease. 登革热蚊子在我们身体的细胞中繁殖,引起高烧、头痛、关节疼痛和皮疹为最初的疾病症状。医生建议对乙酰氨基酚;然而,目前还没有特定的药物和治疗方法。

2. West Nile Virus

西尼罗河病毒

Deadliest Diseases Caused by Mosquitoes
Culex quinquefasciatus, known vector of West Nile virus.
West Nile Virus is caused by Culex mosquitoes. This disease is common in animals and birds but reports reveal that this virus is found in the human cells as well. It spreads through saliva and breast-feeding from mother to the children. The virus of this disease affects the blood circulation of the human body and damages the brain tissues as well. In some severe cases, the disease can lead the victims to convulsions, coma and even death. West Nile Virus is caused by Culex mosquitoes. 这种疾病在动物和鸟类中很常见,但报告显示这种病毒也存在于人类细胞中。它通过唾液和哺乳从母亲传给孩子。这种疾病的病毒会影响人体的血液循环,也会损害脑组织。在一些严重的病例中,这种疾病会导致患者抽搐、昏迷甚至死亡。

3. Malaria

疟疾

Female Anopheles Mosquitoe
Female Anopheles Mosquitoe
Malaria is caused by Plasmodium falciparum or Plasmodium vivax. Female Anopheles mosquitoes bite the human beings and transmit any of these viruses into the blood stream. This migrates to the liver and ruins its proper functioning. The malarial parasites keep on multiplying within the body until the symptoms like fever, chills, sweating, headaches and severe-flu start appearing. The most common and highly recommendable anti-malarial drug is made of quinine. 疟疾是由恶性疟原虫或间日疟原虫引起的。Female Anopheles mosquitoes bite the human beings and transmit any of these viruses into the blood stream. 它会迁移到肝脏并破坏它正常的功能。疟疾寄生虫不断在体内繁殖,直到出现发烧、发冷、出汗、头痛和严重流感等症状。最常见也是最值得推荐的抗疟药是奎宁。

4. Yellow Fever

黄热病

Yellow Fever caused by mosquito   Yellow fever is a common disease in Africa and South America. It is caused by Aedes mosquitoes especially Aedes aegypti. This virus keeps in incubation condition within the body for four to seven days until the infected person starts showing symptoms like severe headache, nausea and severe fever. So far, no special treatment has been discovered / invented for curing the patients with yellow fever. A few vaccinations, however, have been developed to cure the patients but their effect doesn't last for long. As soon as the vaccine is stopped, the disease re-originates, this is why the medical professionals highly recommend to go with certain preventive measures like taking care of hygienic food and healthy environment. 黄热病是非洲和南美洲的一种常见疾病。It is caused by Aedes mosquitoes especially Aedes aegypti. 这种病毒在体内潜伏4至7天,直到感染者出现严重的头痛、恶心和严重发热等症状。到目前为止,还没有发现用于治疗黄热病患者的特殊治疗方法。然而,一些疫苗已经被开发用于治疗病人,但效果不会持续太久。一旦疫苗停止,这种疾病就会重新发生,这就是为什么医学专家强烈建议采取一些预防措施,比如注意卫生的食物和健康的环境。

5. Rift Valley Fever (RVF)

裂谷热(裂谷热)

Mosquito caused Rift Valley Fever   Rift Valley fever is common in the individuals who live with domesticated animals like cattle, buffaloes, sheep, cow and goats. This disease is caused by RVF virus of genus Phlebovirus and family Bunyaviridae. Various reports from 1910 to 2000 reveal that RVF outbreak has had been serious in different parts of the world especially the nations like West Africa, Saudi Arab and parts of Asia. 裂谷热在生活在家养动物如牛、水牛、绵羊、牛和山羊的个体中很常见。这种病是由静脉病毒和家兔科的裂谷热病毒引起的。从1910年到2000年的各种报告显示,裂谷热在世界各地都很严重,特别是西非、沙特阿拉伯和亚洲部分地区。

6. Murray Valley Encephalitis

穆雷谷脑炎

Deadliest Diseases Caused by Mosquitoes   Murray Valley encephalitis is another deadly disease caused by mosquito. Although this disease's victims are rarely found but wherever its viruses are present, are the reason of brain tissues' damage. Australia has the highest rate of Murray Valley encephalitis victims. The victims of this disease don't show prominent symptoms, but usually headache, neck stiffness, seizure and drowsiness like problems start originating into them. If such symptoms are observed, the patients should be immediately brought to the nearby hospital. 墨累谷脑炎是另一种由蚊子引起的致命疾病。尽管这种疾病的受害者很少被发现,但无论它的病毒在哪里,都是脑组织受损的原因。澳大利亚是默里谷脑炎患者死亡率最高的地区。这种疾病的受害者并不表现出明显的症状,但通常头痛、颈部僵硬、癫痫和嗜睡等问题开始出现在他们身上。如果观察到这些症状,应立即将病人送到附近的医院。

7. Chikungunya

基孔肯雅热

Deadliest Diseases Caused by Mosquitoes   Chikungunya is another deadly disease caused by Aedes mosquitoes especially Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. The most common symptoms of this disease include joint pain, headache, vomiting, back pain and skin rashes. The disease is manageable if proper medications are prescribed. Some of the pain relieves of Chikungunya include ibuprofen, naproxen and paracetamol. 基孔肯雅是另一种由伊蚊,特别是埃及伊蚊和白纹伊蚊引起的致命疾病。这种疾病最常见的症状包括关节疼痛、头痛、呕吐、背部疼痛和皮疹。如果规定了适当的药物,这种疾病是可以控制的。基孔肯雅的止痛剂包括布洛芬、萘普生和扑热息痛。

8. Japanese Encephalitis

日本脑炎

Japanese encephalitis is a serious infectious disease of the brain. This is caused by the biting of mosquitoes. Japanese encephalitis is a common disease of Asia, New Guinea and north Queensland. Some of the severe symptoms of this disease include high temperature, convulsion, coma and severe headache. The doctors usually cure the patients of this disease with vaccination. 日本脑炎是一种严重的脑部传染病。这是由蚊子叮咬引起的。日本脑炎是亚洲、新几内亚和北昆士兰的常见疾病。这种疾病的一些严重症状包括高烧、抽搐、昏迷和严重头痛。医生们通常用疫苗来治疗这种病的病人。

9. Dog Heartworm (Dirofilaria immitis)

狗犬恶丝虫(Dirofilaria巨细胞)

Dog heartworm (Dirofilaria immitis) is one of the most serious life-threatening diseases caused by roundworms and mosquitoes. The bite of the mosquitoes containing the larvae of this roundworm is the actual reason of this disease's spread. You should avoid keeping pets like dogs, cats and parrots at home because such mosquitoes depend upon animals for obtaining their food. This disease is common in USA and Canada. 狗心虫(Dirofilaria immitis)是由蛔虫和蚊子引起的最严重的危及生命的疾病之一。这种蛔虫幼虫的叮咬是这种疾病传播的真正原因。你应该避免让宠物像狗、猫和鹦鹉一样呆在家里,因为这样的蚊子依靠动物来获取食物。这种病在美国和加拿大很常见。

10. Western Equine Encephalitis (WEE)

西方马脑炎(小)

Deadliest Diseases Caused by Mosquitoes   Western Equine Encephalitis (WEE) was first discovered in 1930 in Canada and Mexico. This disease is caused by Culex tarsalis. Vaccine is now available to cure the patients of this disease. More than one thousand cases every year are reported about deaths caused by WEE. This disease is common in human beings and horses. 西方马脑炎(WEE)最早于1930年在加拿大和墨西哥发现。这种疾病是由库蚊引起的。现在可以用疫苗来治愈这种疾病的病人。据报道,每年有一千多起病例是由WEE造成的。这种病在人类和马身上很常见。