平行结构  1、连词连接的平行结构  1)并列连词and.but.as well as.or else,both and.either or,neither  nor.not only but also,whether or,rather than等以及从属连词than均可连接平行结构。  e.g Shs is a beautiful and elegant woman.她是一位美丽而优雅的女子。  2)连接的非谓语动词形式一致  e.g Some find swimming more enjoyable than sitting at home reading.  有人觉得游戏远比坐在家里读书有趣。  3)连接的谓语形式一致  e.g This is the lady who listens to the poor and ministers to their wants.  这就是那位能倾听穷人意见并照顾他们需要的女士  4)连接的句子结构一致  e.g He asked me whether I had received the check and whether I had cashed it.  他问我是否收到了支票并把它兑换成现金了。  2、特定的平行结构  1)prefer后面接的平行结构 prefer to do sth  prefer sth.go sth  prefer doing(sth).to doing(sth) prefer to do(sth)rather  than do(sth)  2)在would /had rather/sooner以及would/had as soon as 结构中要用平行结构  would/had as soon do (sth ) as do (sth)  e.g I would as soon stay at home as go shopping. 我宁愿呆在家里也不愿去逛街购物