我们在阅读英语文章的时候会发现,同样的一个意思,文章中会用多个表达来替换着用,这样,文章读起来才不会觉得单调无味。 相同的道理,在我们参加口语和写作考试的时候,也要学着意思相近的词汇表达替换使用,这样也能显得语言丰富生动。 这里为大家献上雅思口语和写作中常用的100个替换词,拿走不谢! 雅思口语和写作的100个替换词 1. important = crucial (extremely important), significant (amount or effects large enough to be important) 2. common = universal, ubiquitous (if something is ubiquitous, it seems to be every where) 3. abundant = ample (enough and usually extra), plentiful (enough for people's needs and wants) 4. stick = adhere, cling (hold on something tightly) 5. neglect = ignore. (difference: neglect means someone has not paid enough attention to something; ignore means no attention.) 6. near = adjacent (two things next to each other), adjoin (the same as adjacent) 7. pursue = woo (man woos woman, old-fashioned), seek (if you seek sth, you try to obtain it. FORMAL) 8. accurate = precise (precise is exact and accurate in all details), exact (correct in every detail) 9. vague = obscure (unknown or known by only a few people) 10. top = peak, summit 11. competitor = rival, opponent (especially in sports and politics) 12. blame = condemn (if you condemn something, you say it is very bad and unacceptable) 13. opinion = perspective, standpoint (means looking at an event or situation in a particular way) 14. fame = prestige (describe those who are admired), reputation 15. build = erect (you can erect something as buildings, FORMAL), establish 16. insult = humiliate (do something or say something which makes people feel ashamed or stupid) 17. complain = grumble (complain something in a bad-tempered way) 18. primary = radical (very important and great in degree), fundamental 19. relieve = alleviate (alleviate means you make pain or sufferings less intense or severe) 20. force = coerce into (coerce means you make someone do something she/he does not want to), compel 21. enlarge = magnify (magnify means make something larger than it really is) 22. complex = intricate (if something is intricate, it often has many small parts and details) 23. Lonely = solitary (if someone is solitary, there is no one near him/her) 24. small = minuscule (very small), minute, 25. praise = extol (stronger than praise), compliment(polite and political) 26. hard-working = assiduous (someone who is assiduous works hard or does things very thoroughly) 27. difficult = arduous (if something is arduous, it is difficult and tiring, and involves a lot of efforts) 28. poor (soil) = barren, infertile (used to describe the soil is so poor that plants cannot be planted on it) 29. fragile = brittle, vulnerable (someone who is vulnerable is easily hurt emotionally or physically) 30. show = demonstrate (to demonstrate a fact means to make it clear to people.) 31. big = massive (large in size, quantity, or extent), colossal (use this word, you emphasize something’s large), tremendous (informal) 32. avoid = shun (if someone shuns something, she/he deliberately avoid that something or keep away from it.) 33. fair = impartial (someone who is impartial is able to give a fair opinion or decision on something.) 34. attack = assault (physically attack someone), assail (attack violently) 35. dislike = abhor (abhor means you hate something to a extreme extent for moral reasons), loathe (dislike very much) 36. ruin = devastate (it means damage something very badly, or utterly destroy it.) 37. always = invariably (the same as always, but better than always) 38. forever = perpetual (a perpetual state never changes), immutable (something immutable will never change or be changed) 39. surprise = startle (it means surprise you slightly), astound (surprise you to a large degree), astonish(the same as astound) 40. enthusiasm = zeal (a great enthusiasm), fervency (sincere and enthusiasm) 41. quiet = tranquil (calm and peaceful), serene (calm and quiet) 42. expensive = exorbitant (it means too expensive that it should be) 43. luxurious = lavish (impressive and very expensive), sumptuous (grand and very expensive) 44. boring = tedious (if you describe something tedious, you mean it is boring and frustrating) 45. respect = esteem (if you esteem someone, you respect and admire him/her. FORMAL) 46. worry = fret (if you fret about something, you worry about it) 47. cold = chilly (unpleasantly cold), icy (extremely cold) 48. hot = boiling (very hot) 49. dangerous = perilous (very dangerous, hazardous) (dangerous, especially to people's safety and health) 50. only = unique (the only one of its kind), distinctive; 51. stop = cease (if something ceases, it stops happening or existing) 52. part = component (the components of something are the parts that it is made of) 53. result = consequence (the results or effects of something) 54. obvious = apparent, manifest 55. based on = derived from (can see or notice them very easily) 56. quite = fairly 57. pathetic = lamentable (very uncomfortable and disappointing) 58. field = domain (a particular field of thought, activities or interest) 59. appear = emerge (come into existence) 60. whole = entire (the whole of something) 61. wet = moist (slightly wet), damp (slightly wet), humid (very damp and hot) 62. wrong = erroneous (incorrect or partly correct) 63. difficult = formidable 64. change = convert (change into another form) 65. typical = quintessential (this word means represent a typical example of something) 66. careful = cautious (very careful in order to avoid danger), prudent(careful and sensible) 67. ability = capacity, capability (the same as ability) 68. strange = eccentric (if some one is eccentric, she/he behaves in a strange way, or his/her opinion is different from most people) 69. rich= affluent (if you are affluent, you have a lot of money) 70. use = utilize (the same as use) 71. dubious = skeptical (if you are skeptical about something, you have doubts on it.) 72. satisfy = gratify (if you are gratified by something, it gives you pleasure and satisfaction) 73. short = fleeting, ephemeral (if something is ephemeral, it lasts a short time) 74. Scholarship = fellowship 75. smelly = malodorous (used to describe an unpleasant smell) 76. ugly = hideous (if something is hideous, it is very ugly or unattractive) 77. attractive = appealing (pleasing and attractive), absorbing (something absorbing can attract you a great deal) 78. diverse = miscellaneous (a miscellaneous groups consists of many different kinds of things) 79. disorder = disarray, chaos 80. crazily = frantically (used to describe someone who behaves in a wild and uncontrolled way) 81. rapid = meteoric (ATTENTION: meteoric is only used to describe someone achieves success quickly) 82. ordinary = mundane (very ordinary and not at interesting or unusual) 83. despite = notwithstanding (FORMAL) 84. best = optimal (used to describe the best level something can achieve) 85. sharp = acute (severe and intense) 86. unbelievable = inconceivable (if you deem something inconceivable, you think it very unlike to happen ) 87. puzzle = perplex (something perplex someone means it confuses and worries him/her because he/she does not understand it) 88. method = avenue (a way of getting something done) 89. famous = distinguished (used to describe people who are successful in their career) 90. ancient = archaic (extremely old and extremely old-fashioned) 91. decorate = embellish (embellish means make something look more attractive via decorating it with something else) 92. possible = feasible (if something is feasible, it can be done, made or achieved) 93. so = consequently, accordingly 94. rare = infrequent (doesn’t happen often) 95. greedy = rapacious (greedy and selfish) 96. individuals,characters, folks = people,persons 97. nowadays = currently 98. dreadful, unfavorable, poor, adverse, ill = be less impressive 99. reap huge fruits = get many benefits 100. for my part, from my own perspective = in my opinion