(五)应用类作文——信函 应用文重点考察信函，要求考生按照这个场景给相关人士写一封短信，并在信中明确表达自己写信的原因、动机、目的和愿望等。 注意事项： a.英语书信的格式——公函、私函 ; b.应用恰当的句式和语句; C.不要写真名。 应用型作文书信关键句式 Dear Sir or Madam Mr. Mrs. Miss. Ms Yours sincerely, yours truthfully, Love,… Yours affectionately, 开头用语 How time flies! We haven’t seen each other for a long time. All the things here are going on pretty well, I just miss you so much! It is so great to here from you again. I hope this letter finds you in good health and good spirits. I trust that everything is going smoothly for you. It is a great pleasure for me to have this wonderful chance to put pen to paper and send greetings to you. 中间用语 In my humble opinion, you would be wise to take the following action… I hope you will not find too forward for me to suggest that you.. In my experience, it seems that ….would make sense in your situation. 结尾用语 1.I am looking forward to a favorable reply at your earliest convenience. 2.Thank you for your consideration and I will be looking forward to your reply. 实战篇 2011年1月四级作文 Directions： For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of How Should Parents Help Children to Be Independent? You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below： 1. 目前不少父母为孩子包办一切 2. 为了孩子独立，父母应该…… 今年的作文主题非常贴近考生的生活，给了考生很大的发挥空间，擅长写日常生活细节的学生可以写上三五个句子勾勒父母对于子女的过度关爱，而擅长逻辑思考的学生则可以更多地阐述父母怎样的行为才可以培养子女独立的品格，而过度宠爱正导致了独立精神的消失。 从具体操作的角度来说，对于基础较为薄弱的考生，这次的考试题目是比较容易套用模板的，第一段，把现实状况描述清楚;第二段，写清楚父母亲帮助子女独立的策略;第三段，呼吁父母亲多给自己一些自由。怎样解决(解决方案的优缺点) 关于解决问题类作文提到了类似的结构 In recent days, we have to face a problem-----A, which is becoming more and more serious. ----(说明A的现状). Confronted with A, we should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation. For one thing, ----------(解决方法一). For another --------(解决方法二). Finally, -------(解决方法三). 2011年12月大学英语四级真题 Personally, I believe that ---------(我的解决方法). Consequently, I’m confident that a bright future is awaiting us because -------(带来的好处). 像这样子的模板能够帮助无话可说，或者说英语表达能力比较弱的同学迅速找到思路，只需要填入关键的字词就可以完成作文。 2011年1月四级作文 但是对于能够用流畅的英语表达自己的思路的同学来说，写作如果希望取得比较高的分数，则需要注意语言必须尽可能简洁才能够在规定字数以内说清楚自己的论点，而句子的表达要求，也从有话可说，上升到言之有理，甚至上升到语言精致优美，内在逻辑严密的高度了。 How Should Parents Help Children to be Independent Nowadays, there is a growing concern over such a phenomenon, that is, some parents take care of almost everything concerned with their children, including study, work, marriage. Some parents believe that this is love, however, it is only to destroy children’s independence thoroughly. For the future of the next generation, more efforts should be made by parents to help their children to be independent. The fundamental one is to cultivate the awareness, namely, the i mportance and necessity of being independent, which is supposed to begin from childhood. Children should be taught that no one can be stronger and more helpful than themselves in this world. The quality of independence is so indispensable for us that parents had better act as a tutor, not a dictator. And only with parent’s trust, can the next generation accumulate confidence step by step.