Section A Directions:In this section.there is a passage with ten blanks.You are required to select one wordfor each blank from a list ofchoices given in a word bankfollowing the passage.Read the passage through carefully before maMng your choices.Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter.Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.You may not use any ofthe words in the bank more than once. Questions 36 to 45 are based on thefollowingpassage. Public colleges must be stewards(管家)of tlle public’s trust and of students’and taxpayers’dollars.They should be(36)__________for containing costs and for spending on what matters most:prepanng students to be active learners,career-ready and engaged citizens.Public colleges are using myriad strategies to cut costs and keep college(37)__________.These include(38)__________administrative expenses;eliminating low-enrollment programs and student support services;and achieving cost savings in energy management and employee health care. Fast-rising tuition increases may make it seem that institutional spendiiIg is out of(39)__________.However,public colleges’collective(40)__________per full.time studem has been flat in recent years. The primary reason for escalating(逐步上升)tuition prices has been the state-to-student cost shift that has taken place in who pays for a public higher education.States have gradually(41)__________from their public higher education systems.with families picking up more of me tab through tuition increases.Institutions have first turned to reducing spending,only raising tuition prices to(42)__________academic quality. The best way to mitigate future tuition increases is for state leaders to reinvest in public higher education.With the Great Recession finally behind us—during which states dramatically reduced(43)__________for public colleges and universities— state leaders started reinvesting in public higher education this year,providing a nearly 6%increase in funding. Maintaining(44)__________to afrordable public colleges is paramount to our nailon’s economic security, social equity and civic vibrancy.It is(45)__________ upon state government,together with public colleges and universities,to ensure this happens. A. raise B.disinvested C.fair D.reducing E.reinvest F.affordable G.tuition H.accountable I.afford J.funding K.incumbent L.maintain M.access N.control O.spending 公立大学必须成为公众信任的对象,担任好学生和纳税人资金的管家。他们应该为成本控制和当务之急的花费(36)负起责任:而此当务之急就是使学生做好准备成为积极的学习者,事业心满满的忙碌公民。他们正在采取各种策略精简开支,以确保其经费(37)担负得起日常开销。主要包括以下措施:(38)消减行政管理的开支,取消低入学率的项目和学生资助服务,节约能源管理和员工卫生保健的成本。 快速上涨的学费或许会让人们觉得机构开支似乎已经不受(39)控制。然而近年来,公立大学中每一个全日制学生的集体(40)消费水平其实是偏低的。 逐步增加学费的主要原因在于,国家为学生预留的开支已经转移到公共高等教育的阵营。现在,各州已经逐步从公共高等教育系统(41)减盗,在这一方面家庭也做出了不少贡献。各机构也首次致力于减少开支,因为只有学费涨价才能(42)维持学术质量。 未来,缓和学费上涨的最佳途径就是领导人重新对公共高等教育进行投资。大萧条期间,各州为公立学院和大学提供的(43)资金明显减少,而在彻底摆脱大萧条后,今年国家领导人开始重新投资公共高等教育,增加了6%的资金投入。 (44)想方设法维持公立大学经费的正常运转,对于国家的经济安全、社会公正和民间活力都是至关重要的。政府和公立大学应该(45)义不容辞地确保这一切正常发生。