PROGRAMME 31 PART I - The Dialogues 这一讲,先是Geoff Howard来到足球场外,和排队买票的人谈话。因为一直在下雨,有的人身上湿淋淋的。
后面一部分,是一辆小汽车差一点儿撞了一个骑自行车的姑娘。
EFA-31-1.jpg 在澳大利亚,车辆一律靠左行驶。这辆小汽车沿马路左侧行驶,准备向右拐弯,这时对面开来一辆卡车。卡车过去以后,小汽车往右拐,差一点儿撞了跟在卡车后面的自行车。 Dialogue 1
CYCLIST: Hey! Look out! You nearly hit me!
MOTORIST: I'm awfully sorry. I didn't see you. Actually I was watching the big truck.I was just turning right when I saw you.
Dialogue 2
后来开小汽车的人回到家里,把差一点撞车的事告诉了妻子。
MOTORIST: And as I was waiting, there was this truck, and it was coming the other way. I was watching the truck. But there was this cyclist…
WIFE: Where was the cyclist?
MOTORIST: She was coming up behind the truck while I was waiting for it.
WIFE: But you didn't see her.
MOTORIST: No. I wasn't looking. I was watching the truck.  Then the truck wont past. And as I was turning right, suddenly there was this cyclist.
EFA-31-2.jpg PART II   Vocabulary an accident ['æksədənt] 事故
a cyclist ['saikləst] 骑自行车的人
a motorist ['məutərə st] 开小汽车的人
a pushbike ['puʃbaik] 自行车
a car radio  ['ka: 'reidi:əu] 汽车里的收音机
traffic ['træfik] 交通
a truck [trʌk] 卡车
coming the other way ['kʌmiŋ ði' ʌðə wei] 从对面过来
come past ['kʌm͜'pa:st] 从一旁经过
come up behind [kʌm 'ʌp bə'haind] 跟在后面过来
splash [splæʃ] 溅,泼
turn right ['tə:n'rait] 向右拐
awfully ['ɔ:f(ə)1i:] 非常    。
finally ['fainəli:] 最后
nearly ['niəli:] 差一点儿,几乎
favourite ['feiv(ə)rət] 喜爱的
PART III  The Lesson THE PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE 过去进行时
过去进行时可用于以下各种情况:
1. 表示过去某一时刻正在进行的动作。
At 8 0 'clock last night I WAS watchING TV.
This time last year he WAS visitING his mother
At 3 0' clock yesterday we WERE doING an exam.   .
通常可以这样提问:
What were you doing+以this time
引导的来表示过去的时间状语
EFA-31-3.jpg
2. 表示过去某件事突然发生时正在进行的动作。突然发生的事用简单过去。这样两个分句通常用when连接起来。
I was walking to work WHEN I met him.
Barbara was talking to John WHEN Wang arrived
通常可以这样提问:
What were you doing when..?
例如警察进行调查,他就可以这样问
What were you doing when you saw him?
What were you doing when the fire engine arrived?
3.表示过去同时进行的两个动作。这样两个分句可以用while或as连接起来
I was watching TV WHILE she was chatting on the phone.
AS I was waiting, a truck was coming the other way.
4.表示过去在一段时间内进行的动作。
Where were you working last year?
- I was working in Melbourne.
What was your brother doing . .yesterday 'morning?
- He was digging in the garden
CONVERSATIONAL DEVICES
a)  This在英语口语里,特别是在生动地叙述一件事情的时候,在通常用a的地方不用a,而用this。例如:
i)  I was looking the other way, you know, when this bus came past and whoosh!
ii)  l can't come. I've got this cold.
b)  Hey [hei]周来引起某人的注意,相当于汉语里的“喂”。
c)  Whoosh[wuʃ] 如用来描写水溅起来的声音。
PRONUNCIATION CORNER 请注意,was和.were在过去进行时里通常是不重读的。例如:
What were you' doing at five o'clock?
[wə]
I was waiting.
[wəz]