PART I- The Dialogues Dialogue 1 墨尔本一位商人正在和妻子一起吃早饭,吃过早饭他就要到佩思去了。这段对话是分两段播出的。
WIFE: What time do you make it?
HUSBAND: It's…um…twenty past seven.
WIFE: You have to leave at eight o'clock, don't you?
HUSBAND: Yes. The taxi's coming at eight. And the plane leaves at ten past nine.
WIFE:Well,you're running late.When do you get to Perth?
HUSBAND: About half past eleven.
WIFE: Half past eleven? Only two and a half hours from Melbourne to Perth?  It's over 3,400 kilometres to Perth.
HUSBAND: Half past eleven Perth time! That's half past one Melbourne time.
WIFE: Oh yes ... 'the time zones. I forgot...
HUSBAND: Hmm ... well, I've got some meetings this afternoon. I'll phone you this evening after six o'clock - six o'clock Perth time!
EFA-17-1.jpg Dialogue 2 后来,在丈夫动身之前,妻子说起几天以前见到一个朋友的事,这段对话也是分两段播出的。
WIFE: By the way,I forgot to tell you.I saw Mary Lee the other day.
HUSBAND:0h?When was that?
WIFE:Mmm - I think it was the day before yesterday.
HUSBAND: How is she?
WIFE: Fine. She's coming to see us next Saturday.  With the kids.
HUSBAND: All the kids?
WIFE: Hm ...yes.
HUSBAND : All the noisy kids?
WIFE: Well ...
HUSBAND: I think I'll stay in Adelaide!*Anyway, what time is it?
WIFE: It's nearly eight o'clock.
HUSBAND: I'd better hurry.
*丈夫本来就计划在从佩思返回墨尔本的途中在阿得雷德停一停。
广播里还有商人与妻子的一段对话,和商人与他的老板的一段对话,他们讨论了与这次旅行有关的其它事情。
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请注意:从这一讲开始,John和Barbara将直接用英语请你跟他们作口头练习。
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PART II - Vocabulary the day after tomorrow [ðə 'dei a:ftə tə'mɔrəu] 后天
the day before yesterday [ðə 'dei bəfɔ: 'jestədei] 前天
a kid [kid] 孩子(多用于口语)
the other day [ði: 'ʌðə 'dei] 几天以前
Perth time ['pə:ɵ taim] 佩思时间
a time zone ['taim zəun] 时区   
arrive [a'raiv] 到达
depart [də'pa:t] 离开
hope [həup] 希望
phone [fəun] 打电话
return home [rə'tə:n 'həum] 回家
I'd better hurry [aid 'betə 'hʌri:] 我还是快点儿吧
over 3,400 km ['əuvə...]  三千四百多公里
until [ʌn'til] 直到
What time do you make it? ['wɔt 'taim də jə 'meik ət] 你的表几点啦?
When do you get to Perth? ['wen də jə 'get tə 'pə:ɵ] 你什么时候到达佩思?
When was that? ['wen wəz 'ðæt] 那是什么时候?
You're running late [jɔ:rʌniŋ 'leit] 你要晚了(意思是:按照预定的时间,需要加快动作,否则就来不及了。)
NAMES
Granger ['greinʤə](姓)
Reynolds ['renəldz]  (姓)(商人或行政人员之间,在提到别人的时候,往往只说姓。)
Mary [mɛəri:](女子名)
Adelaide ['ædəleid] 阿得雷德,南澳大利亚州首府
Melbourne ['melbən] 墨尔本,维多利亚州首府
Perth [pə:ɵ] 佩思,两澳大利弧州首府
澳大利亚的三个时区
AEST=Australian Eastern Standard Time澳大利亚东部标准时间
CAST=Central Australian Standard Time澳大利亚中部标准时间
WAST=Western Australian Standard Time澳大利亚西部标准时间(与北京时间相同)
EFA-17-2.jpg PART III.The Lesson TIME时间
1.关于时间的问答
What's the time?
(It's)one o'clock
What time is it?
(It's)ten past seven
Do you know what time it is?
Do you know what the time is?
(It's )half past seven.
Can you tell me the time, please?
(It's )twenty to eight.
What time do you make it?
(It 's/ I make it)
a quarter past nine.
以上这些说法,在问时间或告诉时间的时侯,都是常用的。如果你想对表,往往用最后一种说法问,不过这种说法主要用于熟人,而不用于生入。回答的时候,如果用I make it,就表示你对自己的
表准不准也没有把握。
2.表示几点几分,有两种说法。例如:
9.10 ten past nine或 : nine ten
1.30 half past one或 : one thirty
3.40 twenty to four或 :three forty
注意:
● 如涉及计划、时间表等,第二种说法用
得较多。
● 在用第一种说法的时候,除了表示五分、十分、二十分、二十五分,都要把minutes
说出来。例如:
11.07 seven minutes past eleven
11.59 one minute to twelve
6.05 five past six
8.40 twenty to nine
3.表示一天之中的某一段时间,可以说:
a) THIS morning/afternoon/evening
这凡个短语可以用于现在:
(It's 10 a.m.)It's hot this morning.
可以用于过去:
(It's 4 p.m.)I saw her this morning
也可以用于将来:
(It's 7a.m.)I'm going to* do the Shopping this morning.
This afternoon和this evening也可以用于上述各种情况。如果不说this evening,那么可以说tonight.例如:
I 'll see you this evening
I 'll see you tonight
*关于to be going to以及其他表示将来的说法,详见第23讲。
b) IN THE morning/afternoon/evening
这几个短语可以用在具体时间之后,例如:
The plane departs at twenty-five
past six in the morning(或at 6.25 a.m.).
It arrives at six minutes to three
In the afternoon(或at 2.54 p.m.).
It departs again at a quarter to
eight in the evening(或at 7.45 p.m.).
也可以不与具体时间连用,笼统地指一天之中的某一段时间。例如:
I leave home in the morning and
return home in the evening
在night前面要用at,而不用in the例如:
We like going out at night.
4.前天、昨天、今天、明天、后天是这样表示的: EFA-17-3.jpg 注意:the other day泛指几天以前,这是个很有用的短语。 5. 年、月、周也是用类似的方法来表示的。例如: EFA-17-4.jpg PRONUNCIATION CORNER 请按下列标记练习连读: one o,clock.  Two o’clock.  three o,clock.  four o'clock 请注意重读符号,读出节奏来:
At seven o'clock in the evening
At mine o’clock in the evening
At four o’clock in the afternoon
请重复作上面的练习,既注意连读,又注意重读和节奏。