塞翁失马,焉知非福 Misfortune may be an actual blessing. 三八红旗手 woman pace-setter 三八线 38th Parallel 三步走战略 the three-step development strategy 三产 tertiary industry 三大作风 the Party's three important styles of work (integrating theory with practice, forging close links with the masses and practicing self-criticism) 三废(废气、废水、废渣) three wastes(waste gas, waste water and waste residues) 三高农业 three highs agriculture (high yield, high quality and high efficiency agriculture) 三个代表 three represents theory (the Party must always represent the requirements of the development of China's advanced productive forces, the orientation of the development of China's advanced culture, and the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the people in China.) 三个有利于 three favorables (whether it promotes the growth of the productive forces in a socialist society, increases the overall strenth of the socialist state and raises the people's living standards 三好学生 merit student; three good student(good in study, attitude and health) 三讲教育(讲学习、讲政治、讲正气) three emphases education (to stress theoretical study, political awareness and good conduct); stress the need to study, to be political-minded and to be honest and upright 三角恋爱 love triangle三角债 chain debt 三来一补企业 the enterprises that process raw materials on clients' demands, assemble parts for the clients and process according to the clients' samples; or engage in compensation trade. 三连冠 three successive championships 三民主义 the Three People's Principles (Nationalism, Democracy and the People's Livelihood) put forward by Dr. Sun Yat-sen 三农问题 issues concerning agriculture, countryside and farmers 三陪 girls who provides illegal sexual services, esp. prostitute 三权分立 separation of the executive, legislative and judicial powers 三十而立 A man should be independent at the age of thirty. / At thirty, a man should be able to think for himself. 三通 three direct links of trade, mail, and air and shipping services across the Taiwan Straits 三通一平 three supplies and one leveling; supply of water, electricity and road and leveled ground (conditions ready for further economic development) 三维电影 three-dimensional movie 三维动画片 three-dimensional animation 三无企业 three-no-enterprises (It refers to enterprises with no capital, no plant, and no administrative structure.) 三峡工程 Three Gorges Project 三下乡 a program under which officials, doctors, scientist and college students go to the countryside to spread scientific and literacy knowledge and offer medical service to farmers 三资企业(中外合资企业,中外合作企业,外商独资企业) three kinds of foreign-invested enterprises or ventures: Sino-foreign joint ventures, cooperative businesses and exclusively foreign-owned enterprises in China 三字经 three-character scripture 三自原则 principles of self-administration, self-support and self-propagation 散户 retail / private investor 桑拿浴 sauna 扫黄,打非 eliminate pornography and illegal publications 扫盲 eliminate illiteracy 扫尾工作 round-off work; wind-up work 森林覆盖率 forest coverage; percentage of forest cover 杀鸡用牛刀 break a butterfly on the wheel 杀手锏 sudden thrust of the mace——one's trump or master card 沙尘暴 sand storm; dust storm 沙漠化 desertification 刹住大吃大喝、公费旅游、铺张浪费的奢侈之风 put a stop to extravagance and waste (wining and dining of official guests,touring the country at public expenses) 山不在高,有仙则名 No matter how high the mountain is, its name will spread far and wide if there is a fairy; 山姆大叔 Uncle Sam 煽情 arouse one's enthusiasm or fervor 闪电战 blitz; lightning war 闪客 flash 商检局 Commodity Inspection Bureau 商品房空置的现象 the vacancy problem in commercial housing 商品化 commercialization 商品经济 commodity economy 商品条码 bar code 商务旅游 business travel 商业炒作 commercial speculation 商业存在(服务贸易) commercial presence 商业贷款 commercial loan 商业网点 commodity network 上岗 go to one's post; go on duty 上岗证 work license 上海合作组织 Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) 上海五国第六次峰会 the sixth summit of Shanghai Five 上海五国机制 the Shanghai Five mechanism上马 start a project 上门服务 door-to-door service 上门推销员 knocker 上山下乡 (of educated urban youth) go and work in the countryside or mountain areas 上市 to be listed 上市公司 listed companies 上网 to get on the Internet, surf the net 上新台阶 reach a new level; reach a higher stage of development 上有天堂,下有苏杭 Just as there is paradise in heaven, ther are Suzhou and Hangzhou on earth. 少数服从多数、下级服从上级、局部服从全体、全党服从中央 the minority is subordinate to the majority, the lower level to the higher level, the part to the whole and the entire membership of the Party to the Central Committee 蛇头 snakehead 舍利子 Buddha's relics 社会保障支出 expenditure for social security 社会保障制度 social security system 社会福利彩票 social welfare lotteries 社会化服务体系 socialized service system; social service system 社会力量办学 running of schools by non-governmental sectors 社会名流 celebrity 社会热点问题 hot spots of society 社会效益 social effect /results /benefit 社会治安情况 public security situation 社会主义精神文明建设 socialist ideological and ethical progress 社会主义市场经济 socialist market economy 社论 editorial 社区服务 community services 涉外经济 foreign-related business 摄政王 acting king; prince regent 申办2008年奥运会 bid for 2008 Olympics 申办奥运会 bid for the Olympic Games 申办城市 the bidding cities 申请破产保护 file for bankruptcy protection 申诉权 right of petition 身体素质 physique; physical constitution 身外之物 worldly possessions 深加工 deep processing; further processing 神州行电话卡 Shenzhou pre-paid card 审时度势 size up the situation 渗透、颠覆和分裂活动 infiltrative, subversive and splittist activities 升级换代 updating and upgrading (of products) 生计问题 bread-and butter issue 生命银行 bank for keeping the donated organs and remains of dead persons for medical use 生态建筑 ecological construction 生态林 ecological forest 生态旅游 ecotourism 生态农业 environmentally friendly agriculture 生物恐怖主义 bioterrorism 生物圈 biosphere 生意兴隆 Business flourishes 声讯台 information service center 省会 provincial capital 圣战(伊斯兰教徒对异教徒的战争) jihad 失恋 be disappointed in love; be jilted 失学儿童 dropout 失业金 unemployment compensation 师兄弟 (senior and junior) fellow apprentice 施政纲领 administrative program 十五计划《纲要》突出了战略性、宏观性、政策性 The Outline for the Tenth Five-Year highlights its strategic vision, broad perspectives and policy considerations 十一界三中全会 the Third Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Party 石漠化 stony desertification 时不我待 Time and tide wait for no man. 实报实销 complete reimbursement 实话实说 speak the plain truth; call a spade a spade; tell it as it is 实践是检验真理的唯一标准 Practice is the sole criterion for testing truth. 实例化教学 case study teaching 实时达帐 real-time account settlement 实事求是 seek truth from facts; be practical and realistic; be true to facts 实体经济 the real economy 实现零的突破 fulfil the zero (gold medal, medal, etc) breakthrough 实现小康目标 to achieve the goal of ensuring our people a relative comfortable life 实现中华民族伟大复兴 bring about a great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation 实行股份制 enforce stockholding system 实行国民待遇 grant the national treatment to 实行计划生育、控制人口数量、提高人口素质 promotion of family planning to control the population size and improve the health of the people 食品卫生法 Food Hygiene Law of People's Republic of China 使中国经济与国际接轨 To bring China's economy more in line with international practice 世界奥林匹克日 the International Olympic Day 世界大学生运动会(大运会) universiade 世界观、人生观、价值观 world outlook; outlook on life; values 世上无难事,只要肯攀登 Where there is a will, there is a way. 世外桃源 a fictitious land of peace away from the turmoil of the world; 市场饱和 market saturation; saturated market 市场导向的就业机制 market-oriented employment mechanisms 市场化 marketization 市场疲软 sluggish market 市场营销学 marketing 市场占有率 market share 市场准入 market access 市话 local calls 市盈率 p/e (price/earning) ratio 市政工程 municipal works; municipal engineering 市值 market capitalization 事业单位 public institution 视频点播 video on demand (VOD) 试点工程 pilot project 试点项目 pilot project 试管婴儿 test-tube baby 试用期 probationary period 适度从紧的财政政策 moderately tight fiscal policy 适龄儿童入学率 enrolment rate for children of school age 适销对路的产品 readily marketable products 适者生存 survival of the fittest 释迦牟尼 Sakyamuni 收购兼并 merger and acquisition 收盘价 closing price 收视率 audience ratings; television viewing 手机充值 cellular phone replenishing 手机入网费 initiation charges for mobile phone; mobile access fee 首创精神 pioneering spirit 首次公开发行的股票 initial public offering (IPO) 首次上市(股票) IPO (Initial Public Offering) 首发阵容(足球) first team 首航 maiden voyage (of an aircraft or ship) 首期按揭 down-payment 寿司 sushi, a Japanese dish of rolls of cold rice flavoured and garnished 受灾地区 disaster-affected are 受灾群众 people afflicted by a natural disaster 售后服务 after-sale services 授信贷款 credit extension loan 授信额度 line of credit 瘦肉精(盐酸克伦特罗) clenobuterol hydrochloride 枢纽工程 multi-purpose project or pivotal project 树立企业良好形象 foster a good and healthy company image 数据通信 data communication 数码港 cyberport 数字地球 digital globe 数字蜂窝移动通信 digital cellular mobile telecommunications 刷卡,划卡 to punch the card; to stamp the card 甩卖 clearance sale; be on sale 涮羊肉 instant-boiled mutton 双刃剑 double-edged sword 双向收费 two-way charge system 双向选择 two-way selection (referring to employer and employee choosing each other in a job market) 双学位 double degree 双赢局面 win-win situation 双职工 man and wife both at work; working couple 双重遏制政策 dual containment policy 双重轨制 two-tier system ; double-track system 双重国籍 dual nationality 谁言寸草心,报得三春晖 Such kindness of warm sun, can't be repaid by grass. 水货 smuggled goods 水墨画 Chinese brush drawing; ink and wash painting 水土流失 soil erosion 水下导弹 submarine-based missiles 水涨船高 When the river rises, the boat floats high. 税法的统一性和权威性 uniformity and authority of tax laws 税前/税后收入 pretax / after-tax income 税务师 tax accountant 说曹操,曹操到 Talk of the devil and he comes. 说明会 explanation session 说起来容易做起来难 Easier said than done. 硕博联读 a continuous academic project that involves postgraduate and doctoral study 司仪 MC (master of ceremonies) 私人企业 private enterprise 私人游资 mobile private capital 私营企业 privately-run enterprise 思乡曲 Nostalgia 思想僵铁 fossilized concept 死而后已 until my heart stops beating 死机 system halted 死亡率 mortality 死亡人数 death toll 死帐 uncollectible account, bad debt, bad loan 四大金刚 Four Heavenly Guardians at the entrance to a Buddhism temple; Four Devarajas 四个现代化 four modernizations (the modernization of agriculture, industry, national defense, and science and technology) 四合院 courtyard dwellilngs; quadrangle dwellings 四十不惑 Life begins at forty. 四书(《大学》、《中庸》、《论语》、《孟子》) The Four Books (The Great Learning, The Doctrine of the Mean, The Analects of Confucius, The Mencius) 四项基本原则 the Four Cardinal Principles of adherence to the socialist road, the people's democratic dictatorship, the leadership of the Communist Party of China, and Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought 四有新人 new generation of people with lofty ideals, moral integrity, good education and a strong sense of discipline 送温暖工程 heart-warming project 搜索引擎(计算机) search engine 夙敌 arch-rival 素质教育 quality education; education for all-around development 酸雨 acid rain 随行就市 prices fluctuating in response to market conditions 岁岁平安 Peace all year round 所得税 income tax 所有权经营权分离 separate ownership from managerial authority