爱思英语编者按:选自《华盛顿邮报》评选出2015年年度好书。
 
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1. Between the World and Me By Ta-Nehisi Coates
塔-内荷西·科特《世界与我之间》
 
This work is something to behold. “Between the World and Me” is a riveting meditation on the state of race in America that has arrived at a tumultuous moment in America’s history of racial strife.
这部作品值得一看。《世界与我之间》引人入胜,是部有关美国种族的沉思录,美国种族纠纷已经到了历史动荡的一刻。

2. Black Flags By Joby Warrick
乔比·沃瑞克《黑色旗帜》
 
The Islamic State, whose radical Islamic warriors have inflicted their brutality across the globe from the Middle East to Paris, was founded as al-Qaeda in Iraq in 2004 by a Jordanian thug,Abu Musab al-Zarqawi. In “Black Flags,” Joby Warrick analyzes his continuing influence on the Islamic State long after his death in 2006. Most important, he shows in painful but compulsively readable detail how a series of mishaps and mistakes by the U.S.
从中东到巴黎,伊斯兰国家的激进战士在全球蛮横施暴,一名为阿布·穆萨布·扎卡维的约旦暴徒于2004年在伊拉克建立了基地组织。《黑色旗帜》一书中,乔比·沃瑞克分析了扎卡维2006年死后对伊斯兰国家的持续影响。最为重要的是,沃瑞克用苦楚的笔调呈现了一系列不幸事件和美国犯下的错误,细节详实、可读性强,令人欲罢不能。
 
3. The Book of Aron By Jim Shepard
吉姆·谢巴德《阿隆之书》
 
In the summer of 1942, German soldiers expelled almost 200 starving children from an orphanage in the Warsaw Ghetto and packed them into rail cars bound for Treblinka. Drawing on his imagination and dozens of historical sources, Shepard brings the Warsaw orphanage to life in this novel about a poor Polish boy and his friendship with the caretaker of the orphans, the pediatrician Janusz Korczak.“The Book of Aron” is a story of such candor about the complexity of heroism.
1942年的夏天,华沙贫民窟一所孤儿院将近200名饥饿孩童被德国军人赶出,集体被塞入开往特雷布林卡集中营的火车。谢巴德借助想象力,援引了大量历史素材,把华沙孤儿院描绘得活灵活现。这部小说讲述了一个可怜的波兰男孩与孤儿照看人——儿科医生贾努茨·科扎克之间的友谊。《阿隆之书》真切描绘了英雄主义的复杂性。
 
4. Destiny and Power By Jon Meacham
乔恩·米查姆《宿命与权力》
 
In Meacham’s telling, Bush indeed lacked an ideological vision, was as overmatched in domestic policy as he was masterful on the global stage, benefited from his family’s influence, and remains overshadowed “by the myth of his predecessor and the drama of his sons’ political lives.” What Meacham so skillfully adds to this understanding — through extraordinary detail, deft writing and, thanks to his access to Bush’s diaries, an inner monologue of key moments in Bush’s presidency — is the insight that none of these supposed flaws hindered the man from meeting the needs of the nation.
米查姆的叙述中,布什思维意识确实有失远见。在国际舞台上有多游刃有余,在国内政策上就有多相形见绌。布什得益于其家庭影响力,“前任总统颇具神话色彩,其子的政治生涯又充满戏剧,相形之下布什始终黯然失色”。布什在日记里记叙了其执政期间关键时刻的内心独白,米查姆有幸可以一读,并用娴熟的笔法、入木三分的细节描写加上了自己的理解——所有这些大家认定的瑕疵都无法阻挡布什满足美国的需求。
 
5. Fates and Furies By Lauren Groff
劳伦·格罗夫《命运女神和复仇女神》
 
Spanning decades, oceans and the whole economic scale, “Fates and Furies,” holds the story of one extraordinary marriage. Groff’s flexible style can be impressionistic enough to turn from “Fates” to “Furies.”
时间跨度达数十年之久,跨越海洋与经济的鸿沟,《命运女神和复仇女神》讲述了一段不凡的婚姻。劳伦·格罗夫颇具印象派风格,从命运到复仇,风格自由转换。
 
6. Future Crimes By Marc Goodman
马克·古德曼《未来罪行》
 
Welcome to the new world of criminal technology, where robbers have been replaced by hackers and victims include all of us on the Web. Goodman wrote his book to shed light on the latest in criminal and terrorist tradecraft and to kick off a discussion.
欢迎来到犯罪技术的新世界,黑客替代了强盗,我们每个网民都是受害者。古德曼此书揭示了罪犯和恐怖分子的谍报技术,引发了讨论。
 
7. A Little Life By Hanya Yanagihara
哈亚·亚娜吉哈若拉《小生命》
 
Yanagihara’s novel illuminates human suffering pushed to its limits, drawn in extraordinary, eloquent detail. Through her decade-by-decade examination of people’s lives, Yanagihara draws a deeply realized character study that inspires as much as devastates.
亚娜吉哈若拉笔下的人间苦楚被推向了极限,细节详实、入木三分。检阅细审了人们生活数十载,亚娜吉哈若拉对性格的研究令人震撼、发人深省。
 
8. Negroland By Margo Jefferson
玛戈·杰佛逊《黑人居》
 
Margo Jefferson was an African American girl from a good family that had money, connections and expectations of excellence.“Negroland” is not about raw racism but about subtleties and nuances, presumptions and slights that chip away at one’s humanity and take a mental toll.
玛戈是个非洲裔美国女孩,来自一个有钱有势、前程似锦的体面家庭。《黑人居》不是单纯讲种族主义,而是讲对待有别、妄自尊大和侮慢冷落对人性的蚕食、及其造成的精神伤害。
 
9. Purity By Jonathan Franzen
乔纳森·弗兰岑《纯净》
 
“Purity”traces the unlikely rise of a poor, fatherless child named Pip. Written with fluency, this novel offers a constantly provocative series of insights.
一个名为皮普的孩子,年幼丧父、家境贫苦,《纯净》讲述了其艰难的奋斗历程。小说笔法流畅、洞悉人心,常能引人深思。

10. Welcome to Braggsville By T. Geronimo Johnson
T·杰罗尼莫·约翰逊《欢迎来到布瑞革维拉》
 
Johnson is a master at stripping away our persistent myths. “Welcome to Braggsville” is not just a broadside against the South; it’s equally irritated with liberalism’s self-righteousness.
约翰逊实属大家,剥去我们长久以来的神话信仰。《欢迎来到布瑞革维拉》不是单单抨击南方,对自由主义的伪善也同样耿耿于怀。