(二)现象类作文 此类作文主要要求考生对某一社会现象进行解释并加以评论,其基本结构是:首先说明现状;其次阐述这种现状产生或存在的原因;最后做出分析,指出其影响,提出解决建议或总结观点。 a.现象阐释类作文关键句式 Recently, the phenomenon of…has become the focus of the public concern. 近年来,…现象引起公众极大地关注。 It is no easy/simple task to offer the reason for this phenomenon which involves more than one complicated factor. 要解释该现象的原因并不容易,因为其中涉及到很多复杂的因素。 Among all the important/ convincing reasons for…,one should be emphasized…在所有重要、有力的原因中,我们应当重点关注… The significant effects of this phenomenon are undeniable, which can be concluded as the following aspects.这一现象的重大影响是不可忽略的,可大致归结为以下几个方面: On one hand, …; On the other hand,… 一方面,…;另一方面,… 现象阐释类作文框架 Recently, the phenomenon of…has become the focus of the public concern. What are the reasons for the phenomenon? On my standpoint, there are several as follows. b.问题解决类作文关键句式 In recent years, with the development of the economy/society/people’s living standard, we are facing a serious phenomenon that…目前,随着经济/社会的发展/人民生活水平的提高,我们正面临着一个严峻的社会现象,…。 In order to solve this problem, it is essential for us to discuss the causes of it. 为了解决这一问题,我们有必要首先分析其原因。 What has caused this problem? It seems to me that there are several reasons as follows. 在我看来主要有如下几条原因: First of all, (______).What is more, (______).Last but not the least,(______).首先,…;其次,…;最后,… In view of the seriousness of the phenomenon, effective measures should be taken as follows. 考虑到这一现象的严重性,有关部门必须采取如下有效措施。 On one hand, it is high time that people all over China realized the seriousness of the phenomenon; on the other hand, the government should issue laws and regulations to put the situation under control.一方面,必须使举国上下意识到这一现象的严重性;另一方面,政府应当制定相应的法律法规来控制这一局面。 In recent years, with the development of the economy/society/people’s living standard, we are facing a serious phenomenon that… What has caused this problem? It seems to me that there are several reasons as follows. First of all, (______).What is more, (______).Last but not the least,(______). In view of the seriousness of the phenomenon, effective measures should be taken. On one hand, it is high time that people all over China realized the seriousness of the phenomenon; On  the other hand, the government should issue laws and regulations to put the situation under control. Only in these way can we successfully solve the problem. words:101