阅读是六级英语中重要的得分点和难点,对长难句的分析则决定了对阅读的彻底理解,也是学习语法,积累高级词汇、句型不可或缺的来源。而六级英语真题阅读部分均选自Times、Telegraph等著名外文报纸及杂志,其行文和词汇原汁原味,值得考生细细品味和灵活借鉴。 1. The U.S.A. Patriot Act, passed in the wake of the Sept. 11 tragedy, requires the FBI, the Justice Department, the State Department and the INS to share more data, which will make it easier to stop watch-listed terrorists at the border. (2004. 阅读. 6. Text 4) 【译文】《美国爱国者法案》在9·11悲剧发生后通过,法案要求,联邦调查局、法院、国务院和移民归化局分享更多信息,这将更容易地将黑名单上的恐怖分子挡在国境线外。 【析句】复合句。主句The USA Patriot Act requires the FBI …to share more data,passed in the wake of…tragedy是过去分词作主句主语the USA Patriot Act的定语。句子最后,which引导非限制性定语从句修饰主句。 2. Before Sept. 11, legislation of this kind had been blocked by two powerful lobbies: universities, which rely on tuition from foreign students who could be kept out by the new law, and business, which relies on foreigners for cheap labor. (2004. 阅读. 6. Text 4) 【译文】9·11事件发生前,这类的立法被两个强大的游说团体所阻挠:依赖外国留学生缴纳学费的各所高校,和依赖廉价的外国劳工的工商界,而留学生和劳工都可能因为这部新法律而被拒绝入境。 【析句】复合句。主句legislation of this kind had been blocked by two powerful lobbies.冒号后是two powerful lobbies的具体内容:universities和business。universities后,which rely on tuition from foreign students作定语从句修饰universities,而定语从句中,又有who引导的定语从句修饰foreign students;business后也有which引导的定语从句修饰。 3. Also on the agenda for next year: a proposal, backed by some influential law-makers, to split the INS into two agencies - a good cop that would tend to service functions like processing citizenship papers and a bad cop that would concentrate on border inspections, deportation and other functions. (2004. 阅读. 6. Text 4) 【译文】明年也计划通过由一些颇具影响力的立法者支持的提案,要求将移民归化局分为两个部门,一个扮红脸,提供诸如处理国籍文件的服务,另一个扮白脸,工作重点是入境检查、驱逐非法移民者出境等其他功能。 【析句】also on the agenda for next year不是完整的句子,冒号后也没有完整句子,主干是名词a proposal, backed by some influential law-makers是过去分词作定语,to split the INS into two agencies是不定式作a proposal定语。two agencies后,a good cop和a bad cop作two agencies的同位语,而两个同位语各有一个that引导的定语从句修饰。