阅读是六级英语中重要的得分点和难点,对长难句的分析则决定了对阅读的彻底理解,也是学习语法,积累高级词汇、句型不可或缺的来源。而六级英语真题阅读部分均选自Times、Telegraph等著名外文报纸及杂志,其行文和词汇原汁原味,值得考生细细品味和灵活借鉴。 1. To provide such proof, TT therapists would have to sit down for independent testing—something they haven’t been eager to do, even though James Randi has offered more than $1 million to anyone who can demonstrate the existence of a human energy field. (2001. 阅读. 1. Text 2) 【译文】要提供此类证据,通过治疗性碰触治疗病人的理疗师必须要参加独立的测试——这是他们所不愿意做的,即使詹姆斯·兰迪悬赏100多万美元寻找能展示人体精神领域存在的人。 【析句】主句To provide such proof,TT therapists would have to sit down for independent testing,动词不定式在主句中作目的状语。破折号后,something是independent testing的同位语,同时they haven't been eager to do是省略了引导词that的定语从句修饰something。 2. Problem solving is a useful help to your happiness, but if you know that given your inability to resolve a particular concern you can still choose happiness for yourself, or at a minimum refuse to choose unhappiness, then you are intelligent. (2001. 阅读. 1. Text 4) 【译文】解决问题的能力有助于获得幸福感,但是如果你明白,即使不能解决某个你担心的问题,你仍然可以选择快乐,或是至少尽可能地拒绝选择不快乐,那么你就是聪明的。 【析句】复合句。主句由but连接具有转折关系的并列句构成。第一句是Problem solving is a useful help to your happiness,简单句。第二句的主句是then you are intelligent。主句前,if you know that...作条件状语从句。而条件状语从句中,know后是that引导的宾语从句。宾语从句中,主句是you can still choose happiness for yourself,or at...choose unhappiness,given your inability to resolven a particular concern中,given是连词,相当于considering。 3. Second, heels are quite functional for defense against oncoming enemies, who can easily be scared away by threatening them with a pair of these sharp, deadly fashion accessories. (2001. 阅读. 6. Text 2) 【译文】其次,高跟鞋在面对坏人时是一个很有用的工具。如果你脱下高跟鞋吓唬他们,他们很容易被这双尖锐、危险的时尚装饰物吓走。 【析句】这句话不难理解,但有种含蓄的幽默,看起来像描述高跟鞋的优点,实际上是对它的调侃。具体来看,主句是heels are quite functional for defense against oncoming enemies,who can be scared away by threatening theme with a pair of these...accessories作定语从句修饰enemies。定语从句中,by threatening...是介词短语作方式状语。