Question:

  1. During which period could British motorists drive without speed limits?

  【参考答案】From 1930 to 1934. / Between 1930 and 1934.

  2. What measures were adopted in 1935 in addition to the speeding restrictions?

  【参考答案】Driving tests and pedestrian crossings. / The introduction of driving tests and pedestrian crossingd.

  3. Speeding is a motoring offence a driver commits when he ____.

  【参考答案】exceeds the different speed limits in different areas.

  4. What is the opinion of British authorities concerning speeding laws?

  【参考答案】Speed limits reduce accidents.

  5. What reason do Americans give for the reduction in traffic accidents?

  【参考答案】The increase in traffic density.

  三、题型分析

  (一)主旨大意题

  做此类题要求用最简洁而又内涵丰富的词或短语高度概括文章的中心思想.但难点往往在于:虽然看懂了短文,也知道中心意思,但却不知如何表达.此时,关键是找主题句,通过对主题句进行必要的改动,就能找到最佳答案.而主题句通常都在段首或段尾,有时是一疑问句或一简单句,且具有语法上的独立性.关键词有:in short、in my opinion、that is、therefore、I believe/suggest/think、in fact等等.

  (二)事实细节题

  ①描述性题目

  该类题能从原文中直接找出答案。此类细节题答案一般是句子谓语或宾语等主干成分,只需略做变化即能写出答案。

  ②因果型题目

  该类题短文中能直接找到原因或结果。通常表原因的关键词有:for that reason,for,as,because,since,as a result of,owing to,thanks to等.表结果的关键词有:as a result,therefore,consequently,thus,accordingly,so等.阅读时要注意这些词后面的内容.

  ③范例型题目

  该类题需要概括答案的.表示举例的关键词有:for example,such…as,for instance,that is,as follow等.

  ④比较对照型题目

  比较对照目的在于所涉及的两个事物之间不同或相似之处,进而说明主题.表对照的关键词有:however,nevertheless,in contrast,on the other hand,but,yet,while等.表比较的词有:likewise,in the same way,as if,as等

  ⑤描写叙述型题目

  该类题需要变换词法或句型.此类题句子内容和表达此再原文中能找到,关键是进行时态的变换,句型的转换.在替换过程中一定要特别注意时态,单、复数和动名词等.

  (三)逻辑推理题

  主要包括:描述事实基础上的推理和逻辑上的推理

  ⒈在描述事实基础上的推理题.只要在描述细节句子范围内进行推理,不必顾及整体文章主旨,以防干扰.

  ⒉通过前后句以及上、下文内在逻辑进行推理.此类题一般针对主题思想、作者意图而设计的.所以要特别注意首句、段尾句和表示转折或因果关系的一些词,如:but,however,yet,in short,as,although,as a result,because,since,therefore,thus,so等