2016年6月英语六级博亿堂答案 Conversation One: W: So Mike, youmanaged the innovation project at Two Santack. M: I did indeed. W: Well then, first congratulations. It seemsto have been very successful. M: Thanks, yes. I really help things turnaround at Two Santact. W: What is the revival in their fortune? Didit highly do to a strategic situation? M: Yes, yes I think it was. Santack was a company was much following a pack, doingeveryone else was doing. I getting rapidly left behind. I could see there werea lot of talent there and some great potential. Particularly in their productdevelopment. I just harness that some help. W: Was the innovation the core of the project? M: Absolutely, if it doesn’t sound like too much cliché. Our world isconstantly changing and changing quickly. Mini to be innovating constantly tokeep up with this. Standstill, you stop. W: No stop for sneaking the roses? M: Well, I will do that my personal life sure.But as a business strategy, I’m afraid there is nostopping. W: What exactly is the strategic innovationthen? M: Strategic innovation is the process ofmanaging innovation of making sure to take place all levels of the company andthat is related to the company’s overall strategy. W: I see. M: So, insteadof innovation for innovation sake and new products being simply because of thetechnology is there, the company culture must switch from these pointing timeinnovations to continue high innovation from everywhere and everyone. W: How did you alliance strategy throughoutthe company? M: I soon became aware of the complaintuseless. People take no notice. Simply it came about through the practicetrickling down. This up and set. People could see it was the best work. W: Does innovation on a scale really givecompetitive advantage? M: I am certainof it. Absolutely. Especially it was difficult for a copy. The risk is the corethat the innovation to limitation. W: But now is it strategic? M: precisely. W: Thanks for talking to us. M: Sure. 1.Whatseems to have been very successful according to the woman speaker? 2.Whatdid the company lack before the company was implemented? 3.Whatdid the man say he should do in his business? 4.Whatdoes the man say is the risk of the innovation? Long conversation 2 M:Todaymy guest is Dana who has worked for thelast twenty years as aninterpreter. Dana, welcome. W:ThankYou. M:Now,I’d like to begin by saying that I haveon the occasions used an interpretermyself as a foreign correspondent.So I’mfull of memo rations for what youdo.6. But Ithink your profession is sometimes underrated and many people thinkanyone whospeaks more than one language can do it. W:Thereare any interpreters I know who don’thave professional qualifications and training. You only really get profession aftermany years in the job. M:Andsay you can divide what you do into twodistinct methods simultaneous and consecutive interpreting. W:That’sright.7.The techniques you use aredifferent.And a lot of interpreters wouldsay one is easier than the other,less stressful. M:Simultaneousinterpreting, putting someone’swords into another language more or less asthey speak, sounds to me like themore difficult. W:Well,actually no.8.Mostpeople in the business would agree that consecutiveinterpreting is the morestressful. You have to wait for the speaker to deliverquite a chunk of languagebefore you then put it into the second language whichputs your short termmemory under in tense stress. M:Youmight know presumably? W:Absolutely.Anythinglike numbers, names,places have to be noted down, but the rest is never translated word for word. You have found theway of summarizing it. So that themessages arethere, turning every single wordinto the target language wouldput too much strain on the interpreter and slowdown the whole process toomuch. M:Butwhile simultaneous interpreting you starttranslating almost as soon as the other person starts speaking, you must havesome preparation beforehand. W:Well,hopefully, the speakers will outline ofthe topic a day or two in advance, you have a low time to do research preparetechnical expressions and so on Q:5.Whatare the speakers mainly talking about? 6.Whatdoesthe man think of Dana’s profession? 7.WhatisDana say about the interpreters she knows? 8.Whatdo most of interpreters think ofconsecutive interpreting? Section B Passage 1 Mothers have been warnedfor yearsthat sleeping with their new born infant isa bad idea because it increases the risk that the baby might die unexpectedlyduring the night.But now Israeli researchers arereporting that even sleeping in the same room canhave negative consequences, not for the child, but for the mother.Mothers who slept in the same room with their infants, whether inthe same bed or just the same room, have poor sleep the mother whose baby sleptelse where in the house. They woke up more frequently or awake approximately 20minutes longer per night and have shorter period of uninterrupted sleep. Theseresults how true even taking into account that many of the women in the studywere breast-feeding their babies. Infants, on the other hand, didn’t appear tohave worse sleep whether they slept in the same or different room from theirmothers. The researchers acknowledge that since the families they studied wereall middle classes Israelis. It is possible that the results will be differentin different cultures. Lead author TTTT wrote in an email that the researchteam also didn’t measure father sleep. So it is possible that patterns couldalso be causing the sleep disruptions for mums. Right now, to reduce the riskof sudden infant death in the room, the AmericanAcademy of PDrecommends the mothers not sleep in the same bed with their babies, but sleepin the same room. The Israeli study suggests thatdoing so, may be best for the baby, but may take at all on mum.