1. 并列结构。

  这主要是指由and或or连接的几个并列成分在形式上必须保持一致.这一考点在历年六级改错中出现频率相当高,同学们要给予相当的重视.

(1) At the heart of the NEA survey is the belief in(改成that,同位语从句)our democratic system depends on leaders who can think critically, analyze texts and writing clearly.(07年1月新六级改错第6题)这里的writing显然与think和analyze并列,因此应该用同样的形式,所以应该改成write.

(2) Their experiments have shown that reading disorders are most likely the result of what is, in an effect(去掉an,固定介词搭配),faulty wiring in the brain-----not lazy, stupidity or a poor home environment .( 06年6月六级改错第4题)这里的lazy应该与stupidity和a poor home environment并列,因此该用名词形式laziness.

(3) Restrict yourself to one or two pages, and listing any publications or referees on a separate sheet.(06年1月六级改错第7题)通过and将restrict和listing联系起来表示并列关系,所以listing应该用原形list.

(4) How do you know how to act in a classroom, or a department store, or toward a person who smiles or laugh at you?(04年6月六级改错第9题)

  这里的smiles和laugh肯定应该用同样的形式,而前面的a person又提示我们该使用第三人称单数,所以将laugh改成laughs.

(5)Most experts believe this can continue even as

if(去掉as,这里的even if表示即使)the population doubles by the mid-21st century, although feeding

10 billion people will not be easy for politics, economic and environmental reasons.(04年1月六级改错第6题)同样,这里的politics应该改成political和economic, environmental并列。

(6)Elsewhere, rice experts in the Philippines are producing a plant with few stems and more seeds. (04年1月六级改错第9题)few应该与more形成对应,所以应改成比较级形式fewer.

  2.A--A型错误。

  所谓A--A型错误,就是指六级改错命题经常将形容词(adjective)与副词(adverb)混淆.这时我们的任务就是将文中的形容词换成它的副词形式,或将副词换成形容词:

(1)Science should not only be“fun”in the same way as playing a video game, but “hard fun”----a deep feeling of connection made possibly only by imaginative engagement.(07年1月老六级改错第10题)我们都知道make sth possible, possible做为宾语补足语,那用被动语态就是sth be made possible,所以这里的possibly应该改成possible.

(2)Mass literacy is a relative new social goal.(06年6月六级改错第九题)显然这里表示“相对地”意思,因此要将relative改成它的副词形式relatively.注意:relative改成relatively不是第一次出现了,在04年1月的改错题中也出现过。

(3)A good CV is your passport to an interview and, ultimate, to the job you want.
(06年1月六级改错第二题) ultimate在两个逗号之间,肯定得用副词形式ultimately.

(4)She says efforts are continuing to complete end the disease.
(05年1月六级改错第三题)complete要改成副词形式completely修饰动词end。

(5)The WHO has given multi-drug therapy to patients freely for the last five years.
(05年1月六级改错第九题)可以看出这里freely想表示“免费的”意思,所以应该改成形容词形式free.

(5)Culture is essentially to our humanness.
(04年6月六级改错第8题)be essential to是一个固定搭配,表示“对... 很重要”,所以essentially应该换成形容词essential.

(6)Except for relative-isolated trouble spots like pres- ent-day Somalia…
(04年1月第三题)显然应该用副词relatively来修饰动词过去分词isolated,表示“相对隔绝的”。
注意:A--A题错误有一种变体题型A—N.所谓A—N题型,
就是指A(adjective)与N(noun)之间的混淆,举例如下:

(1)Now what started in schools across the country is playing itself out on a nation stage and is possibly having an impact on the reading habits of the Ameri- can public.
(07年1月新六级第十题)“在国内舞台”应该是on a national stage,在这里名词nation要改成它的形容词形式national。

(2)Understanding the original of the negative attit- udes towards science may help us to modify them.
(07年1月老六级第四题)表示“起源”显然要用名词形式origin,这里用形容词original是错误的。