本期重点:动词

  动词的考查主要集中在非谓语动词误用和及物动词、不及物动词的混淆上。非谓语动词误用主要体现在分词和过去分词的混淆,如将a puzzling question误用为a puzzled question;遇到某些特殊的动词还要考虑它们要跟动词不定式还是动名词,还是两者都可以但是含义不同,例如regret doing 意思为“后悔做…”,而regret to do意思为“遗憾做…”;还有动名词和不定式做句子的宾语和主语问题。及物动词、不及物动词很好理解,如survive一词是及物动词,因此“在地震中生存下来”就是survive the earthquake,而非survive in the earthquake,此时应该去掉介词in;有时候,在不及物动词后面又少了相应的介词,要加上。

  考点例析

  例1:Viewing biologically, the modern footballer is revealed S1._________

  as a member of a disguised hunting pack

  解析:本句的主语the modern footballer是view的逻辑主语,根据view的词性和句子的意思,两者之间应该是被动关系,所以只能用view的过去分词形式。

  例2:Here are a few ways to avoid end up on the reject pile. S4___________

  解析:动词avoid后面应该用动词的现在分词形式。mind, miss, excuse, enjoy, escape consider, admit,advise, appreciate, avoid, finish, face, practise, suggest, stop, delay, imagine, include, keep, quit, resist, risk等这些词后面都要跟动词的现在分词形式。

  例3:Culture refers to the social heritage of a people - the learned

  patterns for thinking, feeling and acting that characterize a

  population or society, include the expression of these patterns in S1__________

  material things

  解析:分析该句结构可知,谓语是refers to,因此include必须改成including才符合语法规范。

  例4:Wear the wedding ring on the fourth finger of the left hand is an old custom. S6.________

  解析:分析句子语法结构可知,主语为Wear the wedding ring on the fourth finger of the left hand整句话,但动词不能作主语,所以要使用其动名词形式,将wear 改为wearing。

  巩固与拓展

  1.Whether women who have started a career will attain pay equality with men rest on at least two factors. __________

  2.They believed it was good business to hire men, women and children

  as cheaply as possible, make them to work as they could and, when they _____

  became inefficient, worn out, or unable to work for any reason, discharging them. _______

  3.Modern science was born when Galileo began trying to

  explain how things happen and thus originating the method of controlled __________

  experiment which now forms the basis of scientific investigation.

  4.A move body would slow down unless a force was constantly applied to it. __________

  综合训练

  In the 500 years, nothing about people --- not their clothes, ideas,

  or languages--- have changed as much as what they eat. The original chocolate 1.__

  drink was made of the seeds of the cocoa tree by South American 2.______

  Indians. The Spanish introduced them to the rest of the world during the 1500s. 3._

  And although it was very expensive, but it quickly became fashionable. 4. ______

  In London, shops chocolate drinks were served became important 5.____

  meeting places. Some still exist today.

  The potato is also from the New World. Around 1600s, the Spanish bought it 6.___

  from Peru to Europe, where it soon was widely grown. Ireland became very 7. ____

  dependent on it that thousands of Irish people starved when the crops were failed 8.____

  during the “ potato Famine” of 1645 -1646, and thousands more were forced

  to emigrate to America.

  There are many other foods that have traveled from south Africa to the Old

  World. But some others went for the opposite direction. Brazil is now the world’s 9._

  largest grower of coffee, but coffee is an important crop in Colombia and 10.__

  other South American countries.