名词方面主要考查的是名词的单复数形式(例1、4)。此时要注意的是一些词加s后意思就有可能改变,例如:paper(纸)papers(试卷)、safe(安全的)safes(保险箱)、glass(玻璃)glasses(眼镜)、wood(木材)woods(树林)、work(工作)works(作品)等。还有一些特殊的复合名词也要注意,例如father-in-law 改成复数形式是fathers-in-law。

  考点解析:

  例1:Operating within Seattle, which has 20 percents racial S2__________

  minorities, the paper has put into place policies.

  解析:在表达“百分之几”时,只需用基数词加上单数percent即可。

  例2:In addition, the paper instituted a content

  audit (审查) that evaluates the frequency and manner of

  representation of woman and people of color in photographs S7._________

  解析:不定冠词a(n)或定冠词the加上单数个体名词可以指一类事物,若不用冠词,则名词须为复数。此处woman与people并列作为of 的宾语,由于people是集体名词,单数形式表复数意义,从平衡角度出发,应该将woman改为women。

  例3:Words came that the missing boy had been found. 1.__________

  解析:word为当可数名词时,意思为“(某人所说的)话”,当其为不可数名词时,意思为“消息”。根据句意,本题中word应改为“消息”的意思,所以应该把Words改为Word。

  例4:They spent over a million year evolving as co-operative hunters. S5.__________

  解析:year是可数名词,而且前面又有a million 修饰,所以要用复数。

  巩固与拓展

  1.There are majorities of teachers who have a lot of teaching experiences in my school.

  __________

  2. In some schools there are special woman teachers teaching girl students. __________

  3. According to psychologists, there are three factors accounting for this phenomena. __________

  4. There is so much voice outside that I can’t concentrate on my study and thinking. _________

  5.Culture is composed of nonmaterial culture abstract creations like values, beliefs,

  customs and institutional arrangements - and material culture - physical object like ________

  cooking pots, computers and bathtubs.