一、题型特征

  作为CET传统题型之一,综合改错题仍然是与完型填空一起作为二选一出现,文章长度大约在200-250词之间,共包含10处错误。每行不超过一处错误,而且不包括标点符号错误和纯粹的单词拼写错误。综合改错题难度较大,它主要测试考生的英语综合理解与表达能力。它不但要求考生有扎实的语言基础知识(如词汇语法),而且要求考生有较强语篇理解能力与表达能力,以及利用上下文进行逻辑推理的能力。

  二、考查方式

  1.改正(correction) (/)2.删除(delete) (/) 3.增添(add)(∧)

  三、错误类型

  逻辑表达错误、介词使用错误、代词使用错误、非谓语动词使用错误、主谓语前后不一致错误、名词的错误、代词使用错误、冠词的错误、句子结构的错误、时态语态和语气的使用错误及易混淆词的使用错误。

  四、解题步骤

  1、一般来说,做题时千万不要拿起来就改,先花1-2分钟从头到尾通读全文,,对文章大致内容有所了解,做到心中有数。

  2、然后把重点放在有错误项的标有题号行,寻找较容易辨认的语法错误,如主谓不一致、时态、语态使用错误、非谓语动词错误等。

  3、如果错行中不存在上述明显错误,则应查看是否有词语搭配错误、易混词错误、词性错误等等细节错误。

  4、如果错行中急不存在语法错误,也不存在词汇错误,则从整体上查看上下文意思是否连贯,连接词是否使用正确,是否有逻辑混乱的现象,如否定句误用成肯定句造成句意不通等。

  5、找到错误项后,按要求形式进行改正、删除或增添,并设法找到一个正确项使句子在语法语义逻辑上都成立。

  错练习题目:

  The National Endowment for the Arts recently released the

  the results of its “Reading at Risk” survey, which described

  movement of the American public away from books and

  literature and toward television and electronic media.

  According to the survey. “reading is on the decline on every   62.__________

  region, within every ethnic group, and at every educational level.“

  The day the NEA report released, the U.S. House, in a tie      63.___________

  vote, upheld the government's right to obtain bookstore and

  library records under a provision of the USA Patriot Act. The

  House proposal would have barred the federal government

  from demand library records, reading lists, book customer     64.___________

  lists and other material in terrorism and intelligence investigations.

  These two events are completely unrelated to, yet they       65.___________

  echo each other in the message they send about the place of

  books and reading in American culture. At the heart

  of the NEA survey is the belief in our democratic        66.__________

  system depends on leaders who can think critically, analyze

  texts and writing clearly. All of these are skills promoted by    67.__________

  reading and discussing books and literature. At the same time,

  through a provision of the Patriot Act, the leaders of our

  country are unconsciously sending the message that reading

  may be connected to desirable activities that might       68._________

  undermine our system of government rather than helping

  democracy flourish.

  Our culture's decline in reading begin well before the       69._________

  existence of the Patriot Act. During the 1980s' culture wars,

  school systems across the country pulled some books from

  library shelves because its content was deemed by parents    70.__________

  and teachers to be inappropriate. Now what started in schools

  across the country is playing itself out on a nation stage and    71.________

  is possibly having an impact on the reading habits of the

  American public.