爱思英语编者按:想要在加拿大做兼职转学费吗?如果你想找兼职的话,就应该了解一些加拿大的打工政策。 总述
General Summary
canada.jpg Canadian policies applied to international students working part time are similar to those of the USA, but not as complicated. You don’t need a work permit for on-campus work, but you need to apply for a permit for off-campus work. When school is in session, you are allowed to work up to 20 hours per week. During holidays you can work full time.
加拿大的打工政策和美国类似,但是没有美国繁琐。校内打工不需要工作许可,校外则需要申请。上课期间,每周最多可以工作20小时,假期可以全职打工。
It’s very common for students in Canada to study and work part time at the same time. Since there are a lot of Chinese students studying in Canada, typically it’s quite easy to find work opportunities in Chinese restaurants or Chinese companies.
在加拿大边留学边打工也非常普遍。加拿大华人群体大,所以比较容易在一些中餐馆、华人公司等机构找到工作。
2政策
Policy

Source 信息来源:
Citizenship and Immigration Canada 1. Working on campus 校内打工 If you have a valid study permit, you may be able to work on the campus of the institution you attend without a work permit. You can work for the institution itself, or for a private business located on the campus.
只要你持有有效的学生签证,你就可以在校内兼职,而且不需要申请工作许可。你可以在学校机构兼职,也可以在校内的其他私营企业兼职。
To do this, you must be a full-time student at a public university, a community college, a collège d’enseignement général et professionnel (CEGEP), a publicly funded trade or technical school or a private institution authorized to confer degrees.
想要校内兼职,你必须是公立大学、社区大学、职业学校(CEGEP),或国家资助的商科或工科学校,或者是经国家认可可以授予学位的私立学校的全日制学生。
2. Working off campus 校外打工 To work off campus, you must have a work permit. Through the Off-Campus Work Permit Program, you can work part-time during regular academic sessions (20 hours per week) and full-time during scheduled breaks, such as winter and summer holidays, and spring break. You can work in any occupation, and you can change employers whenever you like.
在校外兼职需要工作许可,换句话说就是要参加Off-Campus Work Permit Program,在上课期间最多可以每周工作20小时。假期,比如暑假、寒假或春假,可以全职打工。你可以在任何机构工作,也可以随时改变雇主。
To qualify for the program, you must have a valid study permit and be a full-time student at a recognized postsecondary educational institution. Recognized institutions generally include a public, post-secondary college or university, a CEGEP in Quebec and degree-granting programs offered by private institutions.
想要申请校外兼职,你必须是国家认可的高等教育机构的全日制学生。国家认可的教育机构一般包括:公立高等教育学院或大学、魁北克地区的职业学校(CEGEP)和提供的学位的私立学校。
3. Co-op and internship programs 实习 If you are in a program with a work experience component, such as a co-op or internship placement, you will need a work permit as well as a study permit.
如果你就读的课程要求你进行工作实习或实践,包括带薪实习和无薪实习,你就需要申请工作许可,以及要有就读许可。
To get a work permit, you must prove that the work experience is essential to completing your program. Acceptable proof could include a letter from the school you are attending or a copy of the school curriculum.
要申请工作许可,你必须证明该工作与你的课程相关且必需。可用的证明材料包括学校开出的证明信或课程表。
The work experience cannot be more than 50% of your total program of study.
实习不能超过在加拿大学习时间的50%。
3怎么找工作?
How to find a job?
1. On-campus 校内兼职 Universities, colleges, student unions and associations should be students' first point of contact. Common places are career centers, libraries, research laboratories and student services departments.
大学、学院和学生组织是学生找兼职的首选。常见的有就业中心、图书馆、研究所和学生服务中心。
Next to that are the federal, provincial and municipal resources like government agencies and Service Canada.
其次就是联邦、省市各级资源,比如政府机关和Service Canada
2. Off-campus 校外兼职 The best off campus student work you can get is the nearby retail stores and businesses offices. In a big city like Toronto, distance matters. You want to be as close to Campus as possible with minimal commuting to do.
最好的校外兼职就是去学校附近的零售店或商户。在一些像多伦多的大城市,工作地点如果距离学校太远会很不方便。你最好能在离学校近的地方工作,以减少路上奔波的时间。
Local service Canada Offices, for instance, are equipped with job search material and job consultants ready to help. Available on their computers are current employment opportunities as listed on job banks sites like jobbank, wowjobs, workopolis, and monster.ca.These are known websites with a solid record of job deliverability due to a large pool of employers memberships and participation.
本地的服务中心都配有协助找工作的材料和人员。他们的系统里会有一些来自于求职网站的工作机会,如jobbank, wowjobs, workopolis, monster.ca。这些都是知名的求职网站,上面有非常多的雇主,工作机会也很多。

4 兼职工资
Wages for Part-time Employment
In Canada, each province for territory sets its minimum hourly wage for adult workers, as listed below.
在加拿大,每个省都有成人的最低工资标准,具体如下。
Province General Wage Alberta $9.75
BC $10.25
Manitoba $10.25
New Brunswick $10.00
Newfoundland $10.00
NWT $10.00
Nova Scotia $10.30
Nunavut $11.00
Ontario $10.25
PEI $10.00
Quebec $10.15
Saskatchewan $10.00
Yukon $10.54
1. On-campus part time job 校内薪酬: The rate of pay is usually about $10(almost minimum wage) an hour.
校内薪酬一般在每小时10美元左右(基本为最低工资标准)。
2. Off-campus part time job 校外薪酬: The average hourly wage for part time employees is $16.59 in 2012.
2012年加拿大平均兼职工作的收入为16.59美元每小时。
3.Co-op and internship 带薪实习或普通实习 Co-ops are usually paid and internships are usually unpaid.
带薪实习有薪水,普通实习一般没有。
Co-op rates of pay vary widely depending on:
•Your employer,
•Your program of study
•Work term level.
Usually, pay increases with experience.
带薪实习薪水跟雇主、所在项目和工作期限有关,一般来讲,工作经验越丰富薪水越高
5关于上税
Taxation
Generally, international students are considered as deemed resident of Canada. If you are a deemed resident of Canada for the tax year, you may have to file a Canadian income tax return for that tax year.
一般来讲,国际学生和加拿大居民一视同仁,如果你在一个纳税年度中有收入,你就必须为这个年度上个人所得税。
The tax system is quite complex, including federal tax and provincial tax. You can refer to this link for more information:http://www.cra-arc.gc.ca/tx/ndvdls/fq/txrts-eng.html
加拿大的个人所得税算法较为复杂,包含国家税和省税。详见以下链接:http://www.cra-arc.gc.ca/tx/ndvdls/fq/txrts-eng.html
6毕业后工作
Post-graduation work
1) Conditions: You must participate in the Post-Graduation Work Permit Program, and also apply
1)条件:需要参加Post-Graduation Work Permit Program,也需要申请许可。
2) Length of employment: you can work after your graduation for as long as you studied for past high school. For example if you studied for 2 years, you can work for 2 years. The minimum study period is 8 months and maximum work period is 3 years after
2)可工作时间:在加拿大学习时间有多长,毕业以后就有多长的可工作时间,但最长不超过3年。比如你只读8个月,那么毕业以后你就有8个月的工作时间,但如果你读4年,你毕业后最多只能有3年的工作时间。
3) You must apply 90 days after graduation
3)最后就是要注意,你必须在毕业后的90天内申请工作许可。